Jill C Roger

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Trimellitic anhydride (TMA) is a chemical intermediate used in the paint and plastics industry. Inhalation of TMA can induce four types of syndromes in TMA workers; three are immunologically based whereas the fourth, an irritant syndrome, is nonimmunologic. To evaluate the potential inhalation hazard of TMA under controlled conditions, Sprague-Dawley rats(More)
The Draize eye irritancy test in rabbits has been the focus of recent efforts to reduce the use of live animals in toxicity testing. A suitable alternative is not yet available; therefore, we studied the adequacy of reducing the number of rabbits used per test. Data generated from 6-rabbit eye irritation tests of 155 various materials were used to determine(More)
We studied lung injury induced in Sprague-Dawley rats by trimellitic anhydride (TMA) inhalation. Groups of 40 male and 20 female rats were exposed to TMA by inhalation at target concentrations of 0, 10, 30, 100, and 300 micrograms/m3, 6 hours per day, 5 days per week, for 2 weeks. Rats in each exposure group were sacrificed after 10 exposures or rested for(More)
BACKGROUND Pathogen reduction technologies for platelet (PLT) components offer a means to address continued viral transmission risks and imperfect bacterial detection systems. The efficacy of apheresis PLTs treated with riboflavin (vitamin B2) plus ultraviolet (UV) light (Mirasol, Navigant Biotechnologies) was investigated in a single-blind, crossover study(More)
BACKGROUND The proposal to assess the viability capabilities of platelets (PLTs) collected, treated, or stored in a developmental system against "fresh" PLTs from the same subject poses several important methodologic issues pertaining to the timing and manner of the collecting and separating the fresh PLTs. This study extended the previous validation of(More)
BACKGROUND Platelet preparation and storage systems, unlike those for RBC, lack an objective, absolute performance criterion to determine acceptability. Recently, a criterion based on paired comparison with the radiolabeled recovery and survival of "fresh" platelets has been proposed, namely, recovery = two-thirds and survival = half of "fresh" platelets.(More)
BACKGROUND Despite extensive reductions in risk, donor selection and testing cannot eliminate pathogen transmission. The objective of this study was to evaluate clinically the viability of pathogen-inactivated RBCs. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS Twelve healthy subjects each donated two units of blood that were handled as additive system control units or were(More)
To assess whether betablockers (BB) would better control blood pressure than central antihypertensive drugs (CAD) clonidine or alpha methyldopa in hypertensive patients during exercise, comparable triangular ergometric bicycle exercises were performed by the same patients while their hypertension had been controlled at rest either with CAD or BB. Blood(More)
Paraplegia is one of the major complications following repair of aortic aneurysms or congenital malformations and from trauma of the aorta. In a series of 12 surviving patients we describe the clinical features as well as the evolution and pathophysiology of ischaemic lesions of the spinal cord. The clinical characteristics: loss of tendon reflexes,(More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) has long been known to be associated with Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON), a disease caused by mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations. We have investigated the possible involvement of LHON mtDNA point mutations in MS. The study covered a group of 75 unrelated Caucasian patients, with the relapse-remitting or primary(More)