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The tumor suppressor p53 gene is mutated in minimally half of all cancers. It is therefore reasonable to assume that naturally occurring polymorphic genetic variants in the p53 stress response pathway might determine an individual's susceptibility to cancer. A central node in the p53 pathway is the MDM2 protein, a direct negative regulator of p53. In this(More)
p53 is a frequent target for mutation in human tumors, and mutant p53 proteins can actively contribute to tumorigenesis. We employed a three-dimensional culture model in which nonmalignant breast epithelial cells form spheroids reminiscent of acinar structures found in vivo, whereas breast cancer cells display highly disorganized morphology. We found that(More)
Infrared spectra of myeloid leukemia (ML-1) cells are reported for cells derived from an asynchronous, exponentially growing culture, as well as for cells that were fractionated according to their stage within the cell division cycle. The observed results suggest that the cells' DNA is detectable by infrared spectroscopy mainly when the cell is in the S(More)
The tumor suppressor p53 controls numerous downstream targets that can result in variable outcomes, including apoptosis, transient growth arrest, and sustained growth arrest or senescence. The activation of p53, followed by its ability to play multiple roles in the control of genomic integrity or the elimination of damaged or tumorigenic cells, is performed(More)
Wild-type p53 protein was shown to bind specifically to DNA sequences within SV40 (Bargonetti et al. 1991), the human ribosomal gene cluster (RGC) (Kern et al. 1991a), and the murine muscle creatine kinase gene (MCK) (Zambetti et al. 1992). However, a direct comparison of these three sites was not performed. Here we demonstrate, by filter binding and gel(More)
The p53 protein is an important determinant in human cancer and regulates the growth of cells in culture. It is known to be a sequence-specific DNA-binding protein with a powerful activation domain, but it has not been established whether it regulates transcription directly. Here we show that intact purified wild-type human and murine p53 proteins strongly(More)
The DNA from a wide variety of human tumors has sustained mutations within the conserved p53 coding regions. We have purified wild-type and tumor-derived mutant p53 proteins expressed from baculovirus vectors and examined their interactions with SV40 DNA. Using DNAase I footprinting assays, we observed that both human and murine wild-type p53 proteins bind(More)
It has been reported recently that the wild-type p53 gene product can positively regulate the expression of a test gene adjacent to the enhancer-promoter elements of the murine muscle-specific creatine kinase (MCK) gene. This discussion reports the identification of a wild-type p53 protein-specific DNA-binding element located within the p53-responsive(More)
We have analyzed the size and structure of native immunopurified human p53 protein. By using a combination of chemical crosslinking, gel filtration chromatography, and zonal velocity gradient centrifugation, we have determined that the predominant form of p53 in such preparations is a tetramer. The behavior of purified p53 in gels and sucrose gradients(More)