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OBJECTIVES Blue light of high intensity is commonly used in dentistry to activate polymerization of resin restorative materials. Other than its effects on the retina, the biological effects of blue light (380-500nm wavelengths) are poorly studied. Limited evidence suggests that blue light acts by forming intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) that then(More)
The objective of this study was to quantify the ability of sublethal concentrations of several gold compounds to differentially modulate the monocytic secretion of key cytokines that are important in the etiology of rheumatic diseases. Human THP1 monocytic cells were exposed to the anti-rheumatic drugs auranofin (AF), gold sodium thiomalate (GSTM) or HAuCl4(More)
The gingivitis associated with pregnancy has been attributed to increased concentrations of circulating estrogen and/or progesterone. However, the mechanism by which these steroids increase gingival inflammation is not known. Interleukin-6 (IL-6), a pleiotropic cytokine produced by many cell types including human gingival fibroblasts (hGF), is secreted in(More)
The release of metal ions from dental restorations has been well established, but the sublethal effects of these ions on oral tissues remain undefined. Metal ions are a potential cause of sublethal oxidative stress in cells. Oxidative stress is known to alter cellular processes which are important in the inflammation of tissues. The presence of oxidative(More)
UNLABELLED Thioredoxin reductase (TrxR) reduces thioredoxin (Trx), thereby contributing to cellular redox balance, facilitating the synthesis of deoxy-ribose sugars for DNA synthesis, and regulating redox-sensitive gene expression. Auranofin is a gold compound that potently inhibits TrxR. This inhibition is one suspected mechanism of auranofin's therapeutic(More)
OBJECTIVES Adolescent females are at significant risk for sexually transmitted infections (STI) and may not accurately incorporate indicators of risk into their perceptions of susceptibility. The objectives of the current analyses were to: (1) examine the relation between perceived susceptibility and indicators of risk; and (2) investigate the relation(More)
The use of hydrophilic dental monomers in dentin bonding agents has vastly improved resin-dentin bond strengths, but incomplete polymerization of these monomers and their leaching into adjacent (pulpal) oral tissues has raised concerns about their biocompatibility. The sublethal effects of these resins are virtually unknown, but their electrophilic nature(More)
Blue light (lambda = 380-500 nm) historically has been used to initiate polymerization of biomaterials and recently has been proposed as a therapeutic agent. New evidence suggests that cell-type-specific responses result from redox changes induced by exposure to blue light. Cultured cells were exposed to defined doses of blue light, equivalent to exposure(More)
In this study, we examined the potassium requirements for sperm-egg fusion in mouse. Zona-free mouse eggs prepared by the method described by Boldt and Wolf were inseminated with capacitated sperm in culture media containing 0-6 mM extracellular K+, and scored for penetration. Penetration of zona-free eggs was dependent on extracellular K+, with no(More)
Studies have reported that dental resin-based materials release substances which have biological liabilities. However, some current methods for detecting these substances may not be adequate to detect biologically relevant concentrations. In the current study, we hypothesized that resin-based materials exhibit cytotoxic effects and alter cellular function(More)