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Eomesodermin (Eomes) is a transcription factor essential for trophoblast development. Stress stimuli activate stress-activated protein kinase (MAPK8/9) and modulate transcription factors in trophoblast stem cells (TSC). In this study, we test the hypothesis that stress-induced Eomes upregulation and downstream trophoblast development are MAPK8/9-dependent.(More)
Stress reduces fertility, but the mechanisms mediating this are not understood. For a successful pregnancy, placental trophoblast stem cells (TSCs) in the implanting embryo proliferate and then a subpopulation differentiates to produce hormones. Normally, differentiation occurs when inhibitor of differentiation 2 (ID2) protein is lost in human and mouse(More)
Benzo(a)pyrene (BaP), a cigarette smoke component, is metabolized to diol esters (BPDE) that bind to DNA and form mutagenic BPDE-DNA adducts. BaP activates stress enzymes including stress-activated protein kinase/jun kinase (MAPK8/9) in embryos, AMP-activated protein kinase alpha1/2 subunits (PRKAA1/2) in somatic cells, and inhibits the proliferation of(More)
Mitochondrial acetoacetyl-CoA thiolase deficiency (or beta-ketothiolase deficiency) is a rare metabolic disorder characterized by acute episodes of severe acidosis and ketosis. A case is presented of an 18-month-old boy who presented with vomiting and diarrhoea and was found to be markedly acidotic. When the acidosis persisted despite saline fluid boluses(More)
Students have specific learning style preferences, and these preferences may be different between male and female students. Understanding a student's learning style preference is an important consideration when designing classroom instruction. Therefore, we administered the visual, auditory, reading/writing, kinesthetic (VARK) learning preferences(More)
Extracellular stresses influence transcription factor (TF) expression and therefore lineage identity in the peri-implantation mouse embryo and its stem cells. This potentially affects pregnancy outcome. To understand the effects of stress signaling during this critical period of pregnancy, we exposed cultured murine embryonic stem cells (mESCs) to(More)
This hypothesis and review introduces rules of stem cell stress responses that provide biomarkers and alternative testing that replaces or reduces gestational tests using whole animals. These rules for the stress responses of cultured stem cells validate the organismal strategy of the stress response and show that it emulates what must happen if the(More)
A Phase I study using deep regional hyperthermia (HT) with an annular phased array was conducted in 14 U.S. medical centers from 1980 through 1986. There were 353 patients whose average age was 57 years. All patients had advanced recurrent or persistent tumors. Prior frequently complex, multimodality anti-cancer therapy was received by 71% of the patients.(More)
OBJECTIVE This post hoc analysis sought to assess the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of saxagliptin in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular (CV) risk factors or disease (CVD). METHODS Data from 5 randomized controlled trials were pooled to compare saxagliptin 5 mg with placebo: 2 studies of saxagliptin as monotherapy in drug-naïve(More)
Global and regional left ventricular performances were evaluated with equilibrium radionuclide angiocardiography in patients in the Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) II trial at the time of hospital discharge. Studies at rest were available in 1,162 (69%) of the invasive and 1,150 (69%) of the conservative strategy patients, and exercise studies(More)