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INTRODUCTION Older breast cancer survivors (BCS) report more falls and functional limitations than women with no cancer history. Exercise training could reduce risk factors for future falls and disability. METHODS We conducted a randomized, controlled trial in 106 early-stage, postmenopausal BCS who were ≥50 years old at diagnosis and post-treatment.(More)
The New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional classification system was developed to help physicians in clinical practice evaluate the effect of cardiac symptoms on a patient's daily activities. Over time, the role of the NYHA classification system has expanded, and it is now frequently used in clinical research. This review of the literature was(More)
INTRODUCTION Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) is associated with significant bone loss and an increase in fracture risk among prostate cancer survivors (PCS). We investigated whether impact + resistance training could stop ADT-related declines in bone mineral density (BMD) among PCS on ADT. METHODS We randomized 51 PCS (mean age, 70.2 yr) currently(More)
Targeted exercise training could reduce risk factors for fracture and obesity-related diseases that increase from breast cancer treatment, but has not been sufficiently tested. We hypothesized that progressive, moderate-intensity resistance + impact training would increase or maintain hip and spine bone mass, lean mass and fat mass and reduce bone turnover(More)
Mediators and moderators are variables that affect the association between an independent variable and an outcome variable. Mediators provide additional information about how or why two variables are strongly associated. In contrast, moderators explain the circumstances that cause a weak or ambiguous association between two variables that were expected to(More)
BACKGROUND Clinicians need easy methods of screening for cognitive impairment in patients with heart failure. If correlates of cognitive impairment could be identified, more patients with early cognitive impairment could be treated before the problem interfered with adherence to treatment. OBJECTIVES To describe cognitive impairment in patients with heart(More)
The Healthy Aging Project (HAP) tested nurse coaching as a method to support healthy behavior change in older adults. The sample included 111 individuals randomized to a nurse coaching group or usual-care control group. Participants in the intervention group chose the health behaviors they wanted to change and received coaching by nurses in a single(More)
BACKGROUND Medical conditions and symptoms have been shown to predict level of functioning in older adults, but medical conditions and symptoms have rarely been investigated together in a comprehensive model that included both medical conditions and symptoms as predictors of functioning in older adults. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to determine(More)
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES To assess whether health and other factors are different in short-term cancer survivors (less than five years since diagnosis), long-term survivors (5-10 years), and very long-term survivors (more than 10 years). DESIGN A cross-sectional survey. SETTING New Zealand. SAMPLE 836 survivors of adult-onset cancers (6 months to 43 years(More)