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Human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) are characterized by their abilities to differentiate into different lineages, including osteoblasts. Besides soluble factors, mechanical strain and extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins play important roles in osteogenic differentiation of hMSCs. However, interactions between them are still not fully understood. The(More)
2-Hydroxy-ethyl methacrylate (HEMA) is the major component released from resin-modified glass ionomer cements and dental adhesives. Human tissues mainly affected by HEMA are oral epithelium and dental pulp. We treated human gingival epithelial S-G cells and pulp fibroblasts (HPF) with various concentrations of HEMA, to evaluate its effects on cell growth,(More)
OBJECTIVES Incisional biopsy is accepted by most clinicians as a dependable way of assessing the nature of oral leukoplakia (OL). The aim of the present study was to investigate its reliability and analyze risk factors associated with underdiagnosis from incisional biopsy. STUDY DESIGN A cross-sectional retrospective study was conducted in 242 patients(More)
Chitooligosaccharides (COS) are hydrolyzed products of chitosan and have been proven to exhibit various biological functions. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the anti-tumor growth, anti-metastatic potency and related pathways of COS extracted from fungi. In in vitro studies, we found that COS significantly inhibited human hepatocellular(More)
OBJECTIVES The issue of existence of malignancy within oral leukoplakia has seldom been addressed in Taiwan. The aims of this study were to investigate the prevalence of carcinoma and dysplasia within oral leukoplakia at the time of clinical diagnosis and to identify the associated risk factors in Taiwan. STUDY DESIGN The prevalence rate of malignancy and(More)
After operative restoration, some monomers released from dentin bonding agents or composite resin may induce tissue inflammation and affect the vitality of dental pulp. Whether BisGMA, a major monomer of composite resin, may induce prostaglandin release and cytotoxicity to pulp cells and their mechanisms awaits investigation. We found that BisGMA induced(More)
Miconazole (MIC), a promising oral antifungal agent, has been used worldwide in the treatment of superficial mycosis. In this study, we demonstrated that MIC dose dependently arrested various human cancer cells at the G0/G1 phase of the cell cycle. The protein levels of p53, p21/Cip1, and p27/Kip1 were significantly elevated by MIC treatment in COLO 205(More)
Various glass ionomer cements (GICs) and resin-modified GICs are widely used as tooth-colored restorative materials. However, their potential effects on pulp tissues are not fully understood. In this study, the authors compared the toxicity of nine types of GICs on cultured human dental pulp cells. Exposure of pulp cells to GICs for five days led to(More)
Terbinafine (TB) (Lamisil), a promising oral antifungal agent used worldwide, has been used in the treatment of superficial mycosis. In our study, we demonstrated that TB dose-dependently decreased cell number in various cultured human malignant cells. Flow cytometry analysis revealed that TB interrupts the cell cycle at the G0/G1 transition. The TB-induced(More)