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BACKGROUND In 2010, overweight and obesity were estimated to cause 3·4 million deaths, 3·9% of years of life lost, and 3·8% of disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) worldwide. The rise in obesity has led to widespread calls for regular monitoring of changes in overweight and obesity prevalence in all populations. Comparable, up-to-date information about(More)
The P19 embryonal carcinoma cell line is a useful model cells for studies on cardiac differentiation. However, its low efficacy of differentiation hampers its usefulness. We investigated the effect of 5-azacytidine (5-aza) on P19 cells to differentiate into a high-efficacy cardiomyocytes. Embryoid-body-like structures were formed after 6 days with 1 mM of(More)
BACKGROUND Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) offer a novel therapeutic option in the treatment of acute myocardial infarction. MSCs are able to differentiate into myogenic cells after 5-azacytitdine treatment. However, 5-azacytidine might have genotoxic effects. Recently, it was reported that combined treatment with bone morphogenetic protein-2(BMP-2) and(More)
In this paper, we propose an indoor positioning system using smartphones. To localize the position of target that is pedestrian in usual indoors, we make use of perturbations of the geomagnetic field caused by structural steel elements in a building. The system based on magnetic field does not need any physical infrastructure, so it is possible to be(More)
The association between exposure to television (TV) food advertising and children's dietary habits has been well established in previous studies. However, the efficacy of restrictions on TV food advertising in the prevention of childhood obesity remains controversial. The South Korean government has recently enforced a regulation, termed the Special Act on(More)
Recent studies have shown that side population (SP) cells, isolated from adult myocardium, represent a distinct cardiac progenitor cell population that exhibits functional cardiomyogenic differentiation. However, information on the intrinsic characteristics and endothelial potential, of cardiac SP cells, is limited. The present study was designed to(More)
This study is part of a 5-year research project on the national burden of diseases, injuries, and risk factors in Korea. Using disability-adjusted life years (DALYs), a metric introduced by the 1990 Global Burden of Disease (GBD) project, we performed a comprehensive and detailed assessment of the magnitude and distribution of both fatal and non-fatal(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of television food advertising on participant food intake and risk of obesity. A total of 2419 children aged 11-13 years were selected from 118 elementary schools in South Korea. All participants completed a self-administered questionnaire with questions about height, weight, television viewing times, food(More)
Recent studies have demonstrated that direct cell-to-cell interaction is one of the microenvironment factors for transdifferentiation of adult stem cells into cardiomyocytes. We investigated whether transdifferentiation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) into cardiomyocytes was dependent on developmental stages of cocultured cardiomyocytes, and direct(More)
It has been reported that bone marrow (BM)-side population (SP) cells, with hematopoietic stem cell activity, can transdifferentiate into cardiomyocytes and contribute to myocardial repair. However, this has been questioned by recent studies showing that hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) adopt a hematopoietic cell lineage in the ischemic myocardium. The(More)