Learn More
We present a novel method of targeted gene disruption that involves direct injection of recombinant Cas9 protein complexed with guide RNA into the gonad of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. Biallelic mutants were recovered among the F1 progeny, demonstrating the high efficiency of this method.
The pathogenesis of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is unclear, despite epidemiological data implicating FFAs. We studied the pathogenesis of NASH using lipoapoptosis models. Palmitic acid (PA) induced classical apoptosis of hepatocytes. PA-induced lipoapoptosis was inhibited by acyl-CoA synthetase inhibitor but not by ceramide synthesis inhibitors,(More)
PURPOSE XRCC1 and APE1 are enzymes involved in the repair of DNA strand breaks and base damage that arise from various endogenous and exogenous oxidants. We determined whether polymorphisms in XRCC1 and APE1 increase the risk of prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS We performed a case-control study in 228 white American men, 124 black American men, and(More)
OWL is a recommended language for publishing and sharing ontologies on the Semantic Web. To manage the ontologies, several OWL data management systems have been proposed. However, the existing systems have limitations of the scalability and the reasoning. In this paper, we propose an OWL data management system, ONTOMS, which stores OWL data into class based(More)
PDZ-GEF is a novel guanine nucleotide exchange factor for Rap1 GTPase. Here we isolated Drosophila melanogaster PDZ-GEF (dPDZ-GEF), which contains the all-conserved domains of mammalian and nematode PDZ-GEF including cyclic nucleotide monophosphate-binding, Ras exchange motif, PDZ, RA, and GEF domains. dPDZ-GEF loss-of-function mutants were defective in the(More)
Aureobasidium pullulans had a maximum yield coefficient of pullulan (Y p/s=0.24) with an initial pH of the culture broth of 6.5 in a shake-flask culture. In a batch culture, the maximum pullulan yield coefficient of 0.30 was obtained at the aeration rate of 0.5 vvm. A yeast-like form and mycelial form of cells were found at the culture broth with pH(More)
DNA repair is an important mechanism by which cells maintain genomic integrity. Decline in DNA repair capacity or defects in repair factors are thought to contribute to premature aging in mammals. The nematode Caenorhabditis elegans is a good model for studying longevity and DNA repair because of key advances in understanding the genetics of aging in this(More)
Recent studies have shown that the wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) is a significant source of perfluoroalkyl compounds (PFCs) in natural water. In this study, 10 PFCs were analyzed in influent and effluent wastewater and sludge samples in 15 municipal, 4 livestock and 3 industrial WWTPs in Korea. The observed distribution pattern of PFCs differed between(More)
Cystatin C (CysC) is a promising endogenous marker for renal function. However, the reference serum CysC level is not sufficiently studied in neonates. This study was conducted to investigate the reference level of serum CysC for neonates, including very low birth weight infants according to the postconceptional age (PCA). Serum CysC levels were measured in(More)