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The phytocystatins of plants are members of the cystatin superfamily of proteins, which are potent inhibitors of cysteine proteases. The Arabidopsis genome encodes seven phytocystatin isoforms (AtCYSs) in two distantly related AtCYS gene clusters. We selected AtCYS1 and AtCYS2 as representatives for each cluster and then generated transgenic plants(More)
Dehydration-responsive element-binding proteins (DREBs)regulate plant responses to environmental stresses. In the current study, transcription of DREB2C, a class 2 Arabidopsis DREB, was induced by a superoxide anion propagator, methyl viologen (MV). The oxidative stress tolerance of DREB2C-overexpressing transgenic plants was significantly greater than that(More)
The dehydration-responsive element-binding factor 2C (DREB2C) is a member of the CBF/DREB subfamily of proteins, which contains a single APETALA2/Ethylene responsive element-binding factor (AP2/ERF) domain. To identify the expression pattern of the DREB2C gene, which contains multiple transcription cis-regulatory elements in its promoter, an approximately(More)
Plant dehydration-responsive element binding factors (DREBs) are transcriptional regulators of the APETELA2/Ethylene Responsive element-binding Factor (AP2/ERF) family that control expression of abiotic stress-related genes. We show here that under conditions of mild heat stress, constitutive overexpression seeds of transgenic DREB2C overexpression(More)
Phytocystatins are proteinaceous inhibitors of cysteine proteases. They have been implicated in the regulation of plant protein turnover and in defense against pathogens and insects. Here, we have characterized an Arabidopsis phytocystatin family gene, Arabidopsis thaliana phytocystatin 4 (AtCYS4). AtCYS4 was induced by heat stress. The heat shock tolerance(More)
DREB2C acts as a transcriptional activator of the salt tolerance-related COLD - REGULATED 15A gene. DEHYDRATION-RESPONSIVE ELEMENT BINDING FACTOR 2C (DREB2C) regulates plant responses to heat stress. We report here that DREB2C is induced by NaCl stress in Arabidopsis, based on quantitative RT-PCR analyses of transcript levels and DREB2C promoter-controlled(More)
The phytocystatins are inhibitors of papain-like cysteine proteinases that are implicated in defense mechanisms and the regulation of protein turnover. BCPI-1, a Brassica rapa (Chinese cabbage) phytocystatin isolated from flower buds, contains an extended C-terminal region that contains a single Cys residue at position 102. In an effort to investigate the(More)
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