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Ultrasonography is a sensitive and specific screening method for assessing the adrenal glands. The upper limit of the normal adrenal gland width is used as 7.5 mm. It is not known if adrenal gland width remains consistent with body weight. A reliable criterion of adrenal gland width in small breed dogs should be established. Small breed dogs with body(More)
Forty canine patients with a presumptive diagnosis of the intervertebral disc herniation at the thoracolumbar region were imaged. A neurological examination was performed and all patients were classified under four grades by the examination. The degrees of attenuation of the herniated disc material were measured in Housefield units (HU) in each image. The(More)
Internet gaming addiction (IGA) is becoming a common and widespread mental health concern. Although IGA induces a variety of negative psychosocial consequences, it is yet ambiguous whether the brain addicted to Internet gaming is considered to be in a pathological state. We investigated IGA-induced abnormalities of the brain specifically from the network(More)
We demonstrate a highly sensitive THz molecular imaging (TMI) technique involving differential modulation of surface plasmons induced on nanoparticles and obtain target specific in vivo images of cancers. This technique can detect quantities of gold nanoparticles as small as 15 µM in vivo. A comparison of TMI images with near infrared absorption images(More)
Multi-drug delivery focuses on different signaling pathways in cancer cells that have synergistic anti-proliferative effects. In this study, we developed multi-prodrug nanocarriers (MPDNCs) consisting of poly (l-lysine)-carboxylate PTX (PLL-PTX) and hyaluronic acid-conjugated GEM (HA-GEM) for CD44-targeted synergistic biliary cancer therapy. An in vitro(More)
Well-designed nanoparticle-mediated, image-guided cancer therapy has attracted interest for increasing the efficacy of cancer treatment. A new class of smart theragnostic nanoprobes employing cetuximab (CET)-conjugated polyethylene glycol (PEG)ylated gold nanorods (CET-PGNRs) is presented; these nanoprobes target epithelial cancer cells using near-infrared(More)
BACKGROUND Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by an irreversible cognitive decline and neuronal loss associated with neurofibrillary tangles and senile plaques. Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a prodromal stage of AD and is associated with memory loss and a high risk of developing AD. Lipocalin 2 (LCN2) is(More)
Previously, chitinase 3-like 1 (CHI3L1) protein level was increased in various inflammatory conditions and cancers. This study was aimed to evaluate the plasma CHI3L1 level as a potential prognostic biomarker for Alzheimer's disease (AD). Forty-nine patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), 61 patients with mild to severe AD, and 35 healthy elderly(More)
Well-designed photothermal nanostructures have attracted many scientists pursuing a better means to accurately diagnose cancer and assess the efficacy of treatment. Recently, gold-based nanostructures (nanoshells, nanorods and nanocages) have enabled photothermal ablation of cancer cells with near-infrared (NIR) light without damaging normal human tissues(More)