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Forty canine patients with a presumptive diagnosis of the intervertebral disc herniation at the thoracolumbar region were imaged. A neurological examination was performed and all patients were classified under four grades by the examination. The degrees of attenuation of the herniated disc material were measured in Housefield units (HU) in each image. The(More)
Internet gaming addiction (IGA) is becoming a common and widespread mental health concern. Although IGA induces a variety of negative psychosocial consequences, it is yet ambiguous whether the brain addicted to Internet gaming is considered to be in a pathological state. We investigated IGA-induced abnormalities of the brain specifically from the network(More)
Previously, chitinase 3-like 1 (CHI3L1) protein level was increased in various inflammatory conditions and cancers. This study was aimed to evaluate the plasma CHI3L1 level as a potential prognostic biomarker for Alzheimer's disease (AD). Forty-nine patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), 61 patients with mild to severe AD, and 35 healthy elderly(More)
BACKGROUND Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by an irreversible cognitive decline and neuronal loss associated with neurofibrillary tangles and senile plaques. Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a prodromal stage of AD and is associated with memory loss and a high risk of developing AD. Lipocalin 2 (LCN2) is(More)
Although RNA-mediated interference (RNAi) is a widely conserved process among eukaryotes, including many fungi, it is absent from the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Three human proteins, Ago2, Dicer and TRBP, are sufficient for reconstituting the RISC complex in vitro. To examine whether the introduction of human RNAi genes can reconstitute RNAi in(More)
Nucleic acid-based aptamers have been developed for the specific delivery of diagnostic nanoprobes. Here, we introduce a new class of smart imaging nanoprobe, which is based on hybridization of a magnetic nanocrystal with a specific aptamer for specific detection of the angiogenic vasculature of glioblastoma via magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. The magnetic(More)
MADAM We have recently experienced lung lobe torsion (LLT) in a nine-year-old, spayed female, Yorkshire terrier with acute dysp-noea, weakness and vomiting. Abnormally orientated, consolidated left cranial lung lobe apex and pleural effusion were seen ultrasonographically, and obstructed left mainstem bronchus was visualised with bronchoscopy. At(More)
Targeted molecular imaging with hyaluronic acid (HA) has been highlighted in the diagnosis and treatment of CD44-overexpressing cancer. CD44, a receptor for HA, is closely related to the growth of cancer including proliferation, metastasis, invasion, and angiogenesis. For the efficient detection of CD44, we fabricated a few kinds of HA-modified MnFe2O4(More)
The bronchoarterial (BA) ratio measured with computed tomography is widely used in human medicine to diagnose bronchial dilation or collapse. Although use of the BA ratio in veterinary medicine has been recently studied, this has not been evaluated in brachycephalic dogs predisposed to bronchial diseases including bronchial collapse. The purpose of this(More)
PURPOSE Studies have suggested a potential role of patient's co-morbidity in determining the survival outcomes of breast cancer. In this study, we examined the long-term oncologic outcomes in breast cancer patients who underwent curative surgery according to their pre-existing comorbid conditions and analyzed the association between the co-morbidity and the(More)