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Ventricular pacemaker current (I(f)) shows distinct voltage dependence as a function of age, activating outside the physiological range in normal adult ventricle, but less negatively in neonatal ventricle. However, heterologously expressed HCN2 and HCN4, the putative molecular correlates of ventricular I(f), exhibit only a modest difference in activation(More)
We tested the ability of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) to deliver a biological pacemaker to the heart. hMSCs transfected with a cardiac pacemaker gene, mHCN2, by electroporation expressed high levels of Cs+-sensitive current (31.1+/-3.8 pA/pF at -150 mV) activating in the diastolic potential range with reversal potential of -37.5+/-1.0 mV, confirming(More)
MinK-related protein (MiRP1 or KCNE2) interacts with the hyperpolarization-activated, cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) family of pacemaker channels to alter channel gating in heterologous expression systems. Given the high expression levels of MiRP1 and HCN subunits in the cardiac sinoatrial node and the contribution of pacemaker channel function to impulse(More)
Previously, we have shown that murine HCN2 channels over-expressed in newborn and adult cardiac myocytes produce currents with different biophysical characteristics. To investigate the role of tyrosine kinase modulation in these age-dependent differences, we employed the broad spectrum tyrosine kinase inhibitor erbstatin. Our results demonstrated distinct(More)
he influence of the sympathetic nervous system on both normal physiology and pathophysiology of the heart extends beyond the beat-to-beat regulation of rate and con-tractile force arising from acute exposure to neurally released norepinephrine (NE). For example, postinfarction arrhythmias have been ascribed to nerve sprouting and excess sympathetic(More)
OBJECTIVE Long-term cardiac memory (LTCM), expressed as a specific pattern of T-wave change on ECG, is associated with 1) reduced transient outward potassium current (I(to)), 2) reduced mRNA for the pore-forming protein of I(to), Kv4.3, 3) reduced cAMP response element binding protein (CREB), and 4) diminished binding to its docking site on the DNA, the(More)
The expression and function of numerous cardiac ion channels change with development and disease. Whereas multiple regulatory processes and molecular mechanisms are certainly involved, one factor, sympathetic innervation, contributes to many of the developmental changes and is suggested to play a role in pathology. The onset of cardiac sympathetic(More)
Cell culture studies demonstrate an increase in cardiac L-type Ca2+ current (ICa,L) density on sympathetic innervation in vitro and suggest the effect depends on neurally released neuropeptide Y (NPY). To determine if a similar mechanism contributes to the postnatal increase in ICa,L in vivo, we prepared isolated ventricular myocytes from neonatal and adult(More)
Hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) channels regulate pacemaker activity in some cardiac cells and neurons. In the present study, we have identified the presence of HCN channels in pancreatic beta-cells. We then examined the functional characterization of these channels in beta-cells via modulating HCN channel activity genetically and(More)
BACKGROUND We hypothesized that administration of the HCN2 gene to the left bundle-branch (LBB) system of intact dogs would provide pacemaker function in the physiological range of heart rates. METHODS AND RESULTS An adenoviral construct incorporating HCN2 and green fluorescent protein (GFP) as a marker was injected via catheter under fluoroscopic control(More)