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  • Elaine Y Chung, Jianguo Liu, +7 authors Xiaojing Ma
  • Immunity
  • 2007
Production of interleukin (IL)-10, a major immunoregulatory cytokine, by phagocytes during clearance of apoptotic cells is critical to ensuring cellular homeostasis and suppression of autoimmunity. Little is known about the regulatory mechanisms in this fundamental process. We report that IL-10 production stimulated by apoptotic cells was regulated at the(More)
It has been demonstrated that the two main subsets of peripheral γδ T cells, Vγ1 and Vγ4, have divergent functions in many diseases models. Recently, we reported that Vγ4 γδ T cells played a protective role in tumor immunity through eomesodermin-controlled mechanisms. However, the precise roles of Vγ1 γδ T cells in tumor immunity, especially whether Vγ1 γδ(More)
Proprotein convertase subtilisin kexin type 9 (PCSK9) plays an important role in cholesterol homeostasis by enhancing the degradation of LDL receptor (LDLR) protein. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) has been shown to be atheroprotective. PPARγ can be activated by ligands and/or dephosphorylation with ERK1/2 inhibitors. The effect of(More)
The glutathione (GSH)-dependent antioxidant system has been demonstrated to inhibit atherosclerosis. Macrophage CD36 uptakes oxidized low density lipoprotein (oxLDL) thereby facilitating foam cell formation and development of atherosclerosis. It remains unknown if GSH can influence macrophage CD36 expression and cellular oxLDL uptake directly. Herein we(More)
ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1), a molecule mediating free cholesterol efflux from peripheral tissues to apoAI and high density lipoprotein (HDL), inhibits the formation of lipid-laden macrophage/foam cells and the development of atherosclerosis. ERK1/2 are important signaling molecules regulating cellular growth and differentiation. The ERK1/2(More)
To address the growing demand of small-diameter vascular grafts for cardiovascular disease, it is necessary to develop substitutes with bio-functionalities, such as anticoagulation, rapid endothelialization, and smooth muscle regeneration. In this study, the small-diameter tubular grafts (2.2 mm) were fabricated by electrospinning of biodegradable polymer(More)
Development of atherosclerosis is a chronic pathological process. ApoE deficient (apoE(-/-)) mice spontaneously develop atherosclerotic lesions. However, the impact of age and sex on lesions and expression of the related genes have not been fully elucidated. In this study, we collected blood and tissue samples from normal chow fed male and female apoE(-/-)(More)
Low density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) mutations cause familial hypercholesterolemia and early atherosclerosis. ABCA1 facilitates free cholesterol efflux from peripheral tissues. We investigated the effects of LDLR deletion (LDLR(-/-)) on ABCA1 expression. LDLR(-/-) macrophages had reduced basal levels of ABCA1, ABCG1, and cholesterol efflux. A high fat(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the durability of wet-preprimed extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) circuits for potential use in resuscitation after a 2-wk period of storage. DESIGN Experimental laboratory study. SETTING Tertiary care pediatric cardiac intensive care unit. SUBJECTS None. INTERVENTIONS AND MEASUREMENTS 14 ECMO circuits (polyvinyl(More)
Ad hoc network is a collection of wireless mobile nodes that could be self-configured with no aid of any established infrastructure, which, however, is commonly susceptible to various attacks. The relevant researches for ad hoc networks have been currently focused on these aspects mentioned above to further solve various security problems. In this(More)