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Dictionary plays an important role in multi-instance data representation. It maps bags of instances to histograms. Earth mover’s distance (EMD) is the most effective histogram distance metric for the application of multi-instance retrieval. However, up to now, there is no existing multi-instance dictionary learning methods designed for EMD-based histogram(More)
A series of methyl ursolate 3-O-β-chacotrioside analogs have been designed, synthesized and evaluated as H5N1 entry inhibitors based on a small molecule inhibitor saponin 3 previously discovered by us. Detailed structure-activity relationships (SARs) studies on the aglycone of compound 3 indicated that both the type of pentacyclic triterpene and the subtle(More)
STUDY DESIGN Biomechanical in vitro study. OBJECTIVE To determine whether the peak pull-out force (PPF) of cervical anterior transpedicular screw (ATPS) fixed in osteoporotic vertebrae positively influence screw stability or not before and after fatigue. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Multilevel cervical spine procedures with osteoporosis can challenge the(More)
A series of 3-O-β-chacotriosyl oleanolic acid analogs have been designed, synthesized and evaluated as H5N1 entry inhibitors based on a small molecule inhibitor saponin 1 previously discovered by us. Detailed structure-activity relationships (SARs) studies on the aglycone of compound 1 indicated that the subtle modification of oleanolic acid as an aglycon(More)
A finite element model was used to compare the biomechanical properties of a novel anterior transpedicular screw artificial vertebral body system (AVBS) with a conventional anterior screw plate system (ASPS) for fixation in the lower cervical spine. A model of the intact cervical spine (C3-C7) was established. AVBS or ASPS constructs were implanted between(More)
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