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Skeletal myogenesis is an intricate process coordinated temporally by multiple myogenic regulatory factors (MRF) including Myf5, which is the first MRF expressed and marks the commitment of skeletal muscle lineage. The expression of Myf5 gene during early embryogenesis is controlled by a set of enhancer elements, and requires the histone acetyltransferase(More)
In eukaryotic cells, the genomic DNA is packed with histones to form the nucleosome and chromatin structure. Reversible acetylation of the histone tails plays an important role in the control of specific gene expression. Mounting evidence has established that histone deacetylase inhibitors selectively induce cellular differentiation, growth arrest and(More)
Transcriptional coactivator CBP is involved in the regulation of an array of biological processes including cellular differentiation, proliferation and survival. The function of CBP is critical for proper embryonic development and is relevant in cancer biology. Although much is known about the functional roles of CBP in these cellular processes, fewer(More)
While chromatin modifications can offer a useful readout for enhancer activities, it is less clear whether these modification marks are a cause or consequence of transcription factor occupancy and enhancer activation. We have examined in details the temporal events of acetyltransferase associations and histone acetylations at different regulatory regions of(More)
Transcriptional coactivator p300 is required for embryonic development and cell proliferation. Valproic acid, a histone deacetylase inhibitor, is widely used in the therapy of epilepsy and bipolar disorder. However, it has intrinsic teratogenic activity through unidentified mechanisms. We report that valproic acid stimulates proteasome-dependent p300(More)
Pluripotent stem cells possess a tremendous potential for the treatment of many diseases because of their capacity to differentiate into a variety of cell lineages. However, they provide little promise for muscle-related diseases, mainly because of the lack of small molecule inducers to efficiently direct myogenic conversion. Retinoic acid, acting through(More)
The protein level of transcriptional coactivator p300, an essential nuclear protein, is critical to a broad array of cellular activities including embryonic development, cell differentiation and proliferation. We have previously established that histone deacetylase inhibitor such as valproic acid induces p300 degradation through the 26S proteasome pathway.(More)
Retinoid acid receptors are DNA-binding proteins mediating the biological effects of ligands through transcriptional activation. It is known that the activity of the 26S proteasome is important for nuclear receptor-activated gene transcription. However, the molecular mechanism by which the 26S proteasome participates in this process is not well understood.(More)
The effects of acetylation on gene expression are complex, with changes in chromatin accessibility intermingled with direct effects on transcriptional regulators. For the nuclear receptors, both positive and negative effects of acetylation on specific gene transcription have been observed. We report that p300 and steroid receptor coactivator 1 interact(More)