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The RNA genome of the human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) codes for proteins involved in infectivity, replication, and transformation. We report in this study the characterization of a novel viral protein encoded by the complementary strand of the HTLV-1 RNA genome. This protein, designated HBZ (for HTLV-1 bZIP factor), contains a N-terminal(More)
The human T-cell leukemia virus type I (HTLV-I)-encoded Tax protein activates transcription from the viral promoter via association with the cellular basic leucine zipper factor cAMP-response element-binding protein-2. Tax is also able to induce cellular transformation of T lymphocytes probably by modulating transcriptional activity of cellular factors,(More)
Human T-cell leukemia virus type I (HTLV-I) bZIP factor (HBZ) is a viral basic leucine zipper protein that was originally described as a partner of cAMP response element binding protein-2 and as a repressor of HTLV-I viral transcription. In addition, HBZ is able to interact with the activator protein-1 (AP-1) transcription factors c-Jun and JunB, the(More)
The HIV auxiliary protein Vpr potently blocks the cell cycle at the G2/M transition. Here, we show that G2/M arrest results from untimely activation of the structure-specific endonuclease (SSE) regulator SLX4 complex (SLX4com) by Vpr, a process that requires VPRBP-DDB1-CUL4 E3-ligase complex. Direct interaction of Vpr with SLX4 induced the recruitment of(More)
Fra-1, a transcription factor that is phylogenetically and functionally related to the proto-oncoprotein c-Fos, controls many essential cell functions. It is expressed in many cell types, albeit with differing kinetics and abundances. In cells reentering the cell cycle, Fra-1 expression is transiently stimulated albeit later than that of c-Fos and for a(More)
The human I-mfa domain-containing protein (HIC) mRNA produces two protein isoforms, HIC p32 and p40, synthesized from alternative translational initiations. p32 translation is initiated from a standard AUG codon and p40 is an N-terminal extension of p32 generated from an upstream GUG codon. The two isoforms show different subcellular localization: p32 is(More)
cAMP response element binding protein-2 (CREB-2) is a basic leucine zipper (bZIP) factor that was originally described as a repressor of CRE-dependent transcription but that can also act as a transcriptional activator. Moreover, CREB-2 is able to function in association with the viral Tax protein as an activator of the human T-cell leukemia virus type I(More)
The genome of the human T-cell leukemia virus type I (HTLV-I) codes for a basic leucine zipper protein, HBZ, capable of repressing JUN activity and viral transcription. Transient expression in mammalian cells showed that HBZ was targeted to the nucleus, where it accumulated in nuclear speckles. By using a complementary set of deletion mutants, we report(More)
The human T-cell leukemia virus type I (HTLV-I) basic leucine-zipper factor (HBZ) has previously been shown to modulate transcriptional activity of Jun family members. The presence of a novel isoform of HBZ, termed HBZ-SP1, has recently been characterized in adult T-cell leukemia (ATL) cells and has been found to be associated with intense nuclear spots. In(More)
The Tax protein of human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) can form homodimers. Tax dimerization contributes to optimal Tax activity involved in transactivation of the HTLV-1 promoter. The mechanisms used to form specific Tax dimers are poorly understood because the domains that mediate such interactions have not been clearly characterized. Here we have(More)