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Substantial concentrations of phloroglucinol were synthesized by Pseudomonas fluorescens Pf-5 expressing the plasmid-localized phlACBDE gene cluster responsible for biosynthesis of 2,4-diacetylphloroglucinol. Expression in Escherichia coli of a single gene in this cluster, P. fluorescens Pf-5 phlD, led to extracellular accumulation of phloroglucinol.… (More)
Native g2ps1-encoded 2-pyrone synthase (2-PS) from Gerbera hybrida, a mutant Brevibacterium ammoniagenes fatty acid synthase B (FAS-B) and two different mutants of Penicillium patulum 6-methylsalycilic acid synthase (6-MSAS) are examined to identify the best enzyme to recruit for the microbial synthesis of triacetic acid lactone (TAL). To identify the best… (More)
Nootkatone is one of the major terpenes in the heartwood of the Nootka cypress Callitropsis nootkatensis. It is an oxidized sesquiterpene, which has been postulated to be derived from valencene. Both valencene and nootkatone are used for flavouring citrus beverages and are considered among the most valuable terpenes used at commercial scale. Functional… (More)
The regioselective ring opening of pyranosidic 4,6-p-methoxybenzylidene acetals with BH(3)/Bu(2)BOTf in THF can be tuned by adjusting the reaction temperature and reagent concentrations. Reductive cleavage at 0 degrees C resulted in the exclusive formation of 4-O-p-methoxybenzyl (PMB) ethers, whereas reaction at -78 degrees C produced 6-O-PMB ethers in high… (More)
Several 6-C-substituted 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranosides (beta-D-GlcNAc monosaccharides 1a-3a and 1,4-linked disaccharides 1b-3b) were studied by solution NMR spectroscopy. Conformational analysis of the (6S)- and (6R)-C-methyl-substituted beta-d-GlcNAc monosaccharides indicates that the stereodefined methyl groups impose predictable… (More)
Introduction of a stereodefined methyl group at the C-6 position of N-acetylglucosamine mono- and disaccharides creates a strong and predictable orientational bias on the geminal C-6 hydroxyl in solution, as determined by (1)H-(1)H and (13)C-(1)H NMR coupling constants. The conformational directing effect is more pronounced in the disaccharides because of… (More)
[reaction: see text] An orthogonal sulfation strategy involving six different protecting groups has been developed for generating sulfated carbohydrate libraries based on heparan. Chemoselective cleavage conditions (optimized for a heparan disaccharide) can be performed in the presence of sulfate esters as well as the remaining protecting groups.