Jihad Bishara

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A new CHROMagar KPC medium was compared to MacConkey agar with carbapenem discs and PCR for the bla(KPC) gene for rapid detection of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae. The sensitivity and specificity relative to PCR were 100% and 98.4%, respectively, for CHROMagar KPC and 92.7% and 95.9%, respectively, for MacConkey agar.
This report describes an outbreak of carbapenem-resistant KPC-3-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae outside the USA. Ninety patients from different departments of a tertiary medical centre were diagnosed with carbapenem-resistant, extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-negative Klebsiella pneumoniae infection by standard methods over a 10-month period in 2006.(More)
Methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) is susceptible to many beta-lactams. We compared cloxacillin and cefazolin, the first-line recommended antibiotics, and other beta-lactams in the treatment of MSSA bacteraemia. This was a retrospective cohort study. Included were adult patients with clinically-significant MSSA bacteraemia treated with a(More)
The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether soluble triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells (sTREM-1) is present in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with acute meningitis and if its presence can predict bacterial infection. We found elevated levels of sTREM-1 in the CSF of seven of the nine (78%) patients with culture-positive(More)
OBJECTIVES To document the effects of appropriate and inappropriate empirical antibiotic therapy on mortality in a cohort of patients with bacteraemia due to methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and to summarize effects with previous studies. METHODS In the retrospective cohort study, episodes of clinically significant MRSA bacteraemia(More)
To evaluate the species distribution and antifungal susceptibility of Candida isolates in a tertiary institution in Israel, all consecutive isolates of Candida spp. recovered from blood during the last 2 years were studied. The isolates were identified by the germ tube test and the API ID 32C test (bioMérieux, Marcy l'Etoile, France). MICs of antifungal(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine and quantify differences in efficacy between treatment regimens for brucellosis. DESIGN Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials assessing different antibiotic regimens and durations of treatment for human brucellosis. DATA SOURCES PubMed, CENTRAL, Lilacs, conference proceedings, and bibliographies with(More)
To identify the clinical and radiological features distinguishing Mycobacterium simiae respiratory infection from pulmonary tuberculosis, the demographics, underlying conditions, and clinical and radiological findings of 121 consecutive patients with pulmonary tuberculosis and 102 with M. simiae respiratory infection were compared retrospectively. In the M.(More)
BACKGROUND PCV7 was introduced as a universal childhood vaccination in Israel on July 2009 and was gradually replaced by PCV13 from November 2010. We report data on adult invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD), two years post PCV13 implementation. METHODS An ongoing nationwide active surveillance (all 27 laboratories performing blood/CSF cultures(More)
The emergence of fluconazole-resistant Candida (FRC) is worrisome, but little is known about susceptibility patterns in different nosocomial settings. We prospectively analysed Candida bloodstream isolates in 18 medical centres in Israel (six tertiary-care and 12 community hospitals). The study included 444 episodes of candidaemia (450 patient-specific(More)