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Specimens from a patient of the 2000 Israel West Nile virus epidemic were analyzed by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. Products corresponding to E, NS3, and NS5 sequences were amplified from cerebellar but not from cortical samples. Phylogenetic analyses indicated a closer relationship of this isolate to 1996 Romanian and 1999 Russian than(More)
We aimed to assess differences in bacterial intensities of Bacteroidetes phylum and different clostridial species in the human intestines with respect to C. difficile infection. Patients with a stool assay for C. difficile toxin were identified via the microbiology laboratory in our institute. Bacterial populations were quantified from stool samples of four(More)
Asymptomatic bacteriuria (AB) is frequent among kidney transplant patients during the first year post transplantation. Currently, there are no clear guidelines for the antibiotic treatment of AB among these patients. We examined the outcomes of treatment versus no treatment of AB in kidney transplant patients during the first year post transplantation. A(More)
OBJECTIVE Malignant external otitis (MEO) continues to pose a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. The lack of a diagnostic study since 1987 combined with recent findings of quinolone-resistant MEO prompted the present analysis of MEO outcome in a major tertiary medical center. METHODS Seventy-five consecutive patients hospitalized for suspected MEO(More)
OBJECTIVE To show non-inferiority of trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole compared with vancomycin for the treatment of severe infections due to meticillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). DESIGN Parallel, open label, randomised controlled trial. SETTING Four acute care hospitals in Israel. PARTICIPANTS Adults with severe infections caused by MRSA(More)
Among bloodstream methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolates from adult patients in a single hospital, susceptibility to co-trimoxazole increased progressively from 31% in 1988 to 92% in 1997 (p<0.0001). If also observed in other institutions, these findings should encourage the performance of a clinical trial of sufficient size to compare(More)
Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia (SAB) is a fatal disease. We aimed to describe risk factors for long-term mortality with SAB. We analyzed data from a retrospectively collected database including 1,692 patients with SAB. We considered variables of infection and background conditions for the analysis of long-term survival. The Kaplan–Meier procedure was used(More)
Several studies have shown an association between exposure to statins and favorable clinical outcomes for various types of infections. We aimed to assess the impact of statin use on mortality, disease severity and complications among hospitalized patients with Clostridium difficile infection (CDI). Data were analyzed from a retrospectively collected(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the external validity of a pragmatic, investigator-initiated RCT on treatment of severe infections caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), we compared patient characteristics and treatment effect estimates for patients included in the RCT versus those excluded. PARTICIPANTS AND OUTCOMES The RCT included(More)