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—Load curve data refers to the electric energy consumption recorded by meters at certain time intervals at delivery points or end user points, and contains vital information for day-today operations, system analysis, system visualization, system reliability performance, energy saving and adequacy in system planning. Unfortunately, it is unavoidable that(More)
Our objective was to create reference values for single-breath DLNO based on a sample of non-smoking healthy males and females using a short breath-hold time. The sample included 130 individuals varied in age (18-85 yr), height (149-190 cm), and weight (49.4-102.6 kg). The subjects performed single-breath-hold maneuvers at rest inhaling 41 +/- 6 ppm NO and(More)
Our recent study in Gansu Province, China reported an increasing risk of lung cancer with increasing residential radon concentration that was consistent with previous pooled analyses and with meta-analyses of other residential studies (Wang et al., Am. J. Epidemiol. 155, 554-564, 2002). Dosimetry used current radon measurements (1-year track-etch detectors)(More)
A meta-analysis determined whether capillary blood gases accurately reflect arterial blood samples. A mixed effects model was used on 29 relevant studies obtained from a PubMed/Medline search. From 664 and 222 paired samples obtained from the earlobe and fingertip, respectively, earlobe compared to fingertip sampling shows that the standard deviation of the(More)
BACKGROUND Although the "learning curve" is commonly analyzed by splitting the data into arbitrary chunks of experience, this does not allow for precise estimation of where the curve plateaus or the rate at which learning is achieved. Our objective was to describe a simple way to characterize the learning curve for a fundamental laparoscopic task. METHODS(More)
MOTIVATION Transcription regulation is a fundamental process in biology, and it is important to model the dynamic behavior of gene regulation networks. Many approaches have been proposed to specify the network structure. However, finding the network connectivity is not sufficient to understand the network dynamics. Instead, one needs to model the regulation(More)
BACKGROUND Existing literature on the acquisition of surgical skills suggests that women generally perform worse than men. This literature is limited by looking at an arbitrary number of trials and not adjusting for potential confounders. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of gender on the learning curve for a fundamental laparoscopic(More)
BACKGROUND Little evidence exists to guide educators in the best way to implement simulation within surgical skills curricula. This study investigated whether practicing a basic Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery (FLS) simulator task [peg transfer (PT)] facilitates learning a more complex skill [intracorporeal suturing (ICS)] and compared the effect of PT(More)
OBJECTIVE There is currently no objective quantification of the temporal changes in performance associated with a novice surgeon learning single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) operative tasks. Analysing learning curves allows us to objectively quantify performance. The aim was to evaluate if the rate of learning and ultimate proficiency level reached(More)
Diffusing capacity of the lung for nitric oxide (DLNO), otherwise known as the transfer factor, was first measured in 1983. This document standardises the technique and application of single-breath DLNO This panel agrees that 1) pulmonary function systems should allow for mixing and measurement of both nitric oxide (NO) and carbon monoxide (CO) gases(More)