Jigar Pravinchandra Modi

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In stroke and neurodegenerative disease, neuronal excitotoxicity, caused by increased extracellular glutamate levels, is known to result in calcium overload and mitochondrial dysfunction. Mitochondrial deficits may involve a deficiency in energy supply as well as generation of high levels of oxidants which are key contributors to neuronal cell death through(More)
Taurine is an inhibitory neurotransmitter and is one of the most abundant amino acids present in the mammalian nervous system. Taurine has been shown to provide protection against neurological diseases, such as Huntington's disease, Alzheimer's disease, and stroke. Ischemic stroke is one of the leading causes of death and disability in the world. It is(More)
Previously, we have shown that the GABA synthesizing enzyme, L-glutamic acid decarboxylase 65 (GAD65) is cleaved to form its truncated form (tGAD65) which is 2-3 times more active than the full length form (fGAD65). The enzyme responsible for cleavage was later identified as calpain. Calpain is known to cleave its substrates either under a transient(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The present study analyzed whether administration of sulindac, a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) would prevent, attenuate or repair ischemia induced brain injury and reverse functional impairment in a focal ischemia model of stroke. METHODS Male Sprague-Dawley rats (weight 250-300 g) were subjected to middle cerebral(More)
PURPOSE The conventional dosage form of Ketoconazole (KZ) shows poor absorption due to rapid gastric emptying. Chitosan based mucoadhesive nanoparticles (NPs) of KZ were developed to efficiently release drug at its absorption window i.e. stomach and the site of action i.e. esophagus. METHOD The NPs were prepared by ionic gelation method. Concentration of(More)
One approach for protecting neurons from excitotoxic damage in stroke is to attenuate receptor activity with specific antagonists. S-Methyl-N, N-diethylthiocarbamate sulfoxide (DETC-MeSO), the active metabolite of disulfiram, has been shown to be a partial antagonist of glutamate receptors and effective in reducing seizure. First, we investigated(More)
Ischemic stroke is one of the greatest contributors to death and long term disability in developed countries. Ischemia induced brain injury arises due to excessive release of glutamate and involves cell death due to apoptosis and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress responses. Despite major research efforts there are currently no effective treatments for(More)
Protein phosphorylation plays an important role in regulating soluble L-glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) and membrane-associated GAD activity. Previously, we reported the effect of phosphorylation on the two well-defined GAD isoforms, namely, GAD65 and GAD67, using highly purified preparations of recombinant human brain GAD65 (hGAD65) and GAD67. GAD65 was(More)
was congested, sinuses were engorged with blood. There was serious effusion in the ventricles of brain. Lungs, congested but normal. Heart, pericardium much thickened and adherent in patches. Both chambers full of blood. Liver pale and anemic and hardened, probably due to cirrrhosis. Spleen : there was no mark of external injury on the part corresponding to(More)
Taurine, as a free amino acid, is found at high levels in many tissues including brain, heart and skeletal muscle and is known to demonstrate neuroprotective effects in a range of disease conditions including stroke and neurodegenerative disease. Using in vitro culture systems we have demonstrated that taurine can elicit protection against endoplasmic(More)