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Paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesias is a paroxysmal movement disorder characterized by recurrent, brief attacks of abnormal involuntary movements induced by sudden voluntary movements. Although several loci, including the pericentromeric region of chromosome 16, have been linked to paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesias, the causative gene has not yet been(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second most common neurodegenerative disorder, with approximately 5-10% of PD cases being linked to genetic factors. The Htra serine peptidase 2 (HTRA2) gene, also known as Omi, was found to be associated with PD in a cohort of German PD patients. However, subsequent studies have indicated that some variants of Omi/HTRA2 may(More)
Two markers rs9652490 and rs11856808 both located in intron 3 of the LINGO1 gene have been nominated recently to be associated with essential tremor (ET). Although ET and Parkinson's disease (PD) are considered as different entities, they have many overlapping clinical and pathological features. We aimed to evaluate the role of rs9652490 and rs11856808 in(More)
Autosomal recessive early-onset Parkinsonism (AREP) has been associated with mutations in the Parkin, PINK1, DJ-1, and ATP13A2 genes. We studied the prevalence of mutations in all four genes in 29 Chinese unrelated families with AREP using direct sequencing analysis and real-time quantitative PCR analysis assay. There are 14 families (48.3%) with mutations(More)
Vitamin D and vitamin D receptor (VDR) have been postulated as environmental and genetic factors in neurodegenerative disorders including multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer disease, and recently Parkinson disease (PD). The purpose of this study is to explore the potential correlation between single nucleotide polymorphisms of the VDR gene (VDR) rs4334089 and(More)
Mutations in TMEM230 were identified as a genetic factor for Parkinson's disease (PD) with typical clinical symptoms and Lewy bodies in a North American population, and a highly prevalent TMEM230 mutation, c.550_552delTAGinsCCCGGG (p.*184ProGlyext*5), was found in 7 Chinese families. In the present study, we investigated the prevalence of TMEM230 mutations(More)
Parkinson’s disease (PD) is the second most common neurodegenerative disorder. The presence of Lewy bodies is a major pathological change of PD. α-synuclein is the main component of Lewy bodies and is encoded by the SNCA gene. Mutations in the SNCA gene mainly result in rare familial forms of PD, while genetic variability in the SNCA gene modulates(More)
SNCA is a pathogenic gene identified in rare familial PD, and over-expression of SNCA was suggested in the pathogenesis of familial and sporadic PD. Rep1 polymorphism of SNCA was associated with susceptibility to sporadic PD and SNCA expression in intro and in vivo. Hypomethylation in SNCA intron-1 was associated with increased SNCA expression and was(More)
VPS35 gene mutation has recently been reported in autosomal-dominant, late-onset Parkinson disease (PD). There are no reports regarding the association between VPS35 and Parkinson's disease (PD) in the Chinese population. We conducted a comprehensive genetic analysis of VPS35 gene in a cohort of twenty seven probands belonging to families with(More)
The ubiquitin carboxy-terminal hydrolase L1 gene (UCH-L1) has been implicated in the etiology of Parkinson's disease (PD). In several previous studies, an S18Y (C54A) polymorphism in exon 3 of the UCH-L1 gene has been found to be protective against PD. We performed polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis for DNA samples(More)