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Paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesias is a paroxysmal movement disorder characterized by recurrent, brief attacks of abnormal involuntary movements induced by sudden voluntary movements. Although several loci, including the pericentromeric region of chromosome 16, have been linked to paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesias, the causative gene has not yet been(More)
GGGGCC repeat expansions in the C9orf72 gene have been identified as a major contributing factor in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD). Given the overlapping of clinical phenotypes and pathological characteristics between these two diseases and Alzheimer's disease (AD), Parkinson's disease (PD), and essential(More)
Vitamin D and vitamin D receptor (VDR) have been postulated as environmental and genetic factors in neurodegenerative disorders including multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer disease, and recently Parkinson disease (PD). The purpose of this study is to explore the potential correlation between single nucleotide polymorphisms of the VDR gene (VDR) rs4334089 and(More)
A recent meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies in Parkinson's disease (PD) has identified the rs12456492 variant in RIT2 as a new susceptibility loci. Because the characteristics of this locus in a Han Chinese population from mainland China was still unknown, we performed a case-control replication study in this population and investigated RIT2(More)
To investigate the prevalence and clinical feature(s) of Parkinson's disease (PD) patients with expanded (ATXN2 and MJD1) genes of spinocerebellar ataxia type 2 and 3 (SCA2 and SCA3/MJD) in a mainland Chinese population, CAG triplet repeat expansions of (SCA2 and SCA3/MJD) genes (ATXN2 and MJD1) were analyzed in a cohort of 452 PD patients, including 386(More)
In polyglutamine (polyQ) diseases, large polyQ repeats cause juvenile cases with different symptoms than those of adult-onset patients, who carry smaller expanded polyQ repeats. The mechanisms behind the differential pathology mediated by different polyQ repeat lengths remain unknown. By studying knockin mouse models of spinal cerebellar ataxia-17 (SCA17),(More)
An association between mutations in the glucocerebrosidase (GBA) gene and Parkinson's disease (PD) has been reported in several populations. We searched for four common GBA mutations (L444P, F213I, R353W, and N370S) in 402 Chinese PD patients and 413 age- and sex-matched controls. In the PD cohort, 11 patients were found carrying a heterozygous GBA mutation(More)
Exposure to excessive manganese (Mn) causes manganism, a progressive neurodegenerative disorder similar to idiopathic Parkinson's disease (IPD). The detailed mechanisms of Mn neurotoxicity in nerve cells, especially in dopaminergic neurons are not yet fully understood. Meanwhile, it is unknown whether there exists a potential antagonist or effective drug(More)
Early onset parkinsonism (EOP) has been associated with mutations in the Parkin, PINK1, and DJ-1 genes. We studied the prevalence of mutations in all three genes in 127 unrelated Chinese patients with apparently sporadic EOP using direct sequencing analysis and real-time quantitative PCR analysis assay. There are 16 patients (12.6%) with mutations of Parkin(More)
Recently, 3 rare coding variants significantly associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD) risk have been identified in western populations using whole exome sequencing method, including p.R47H in TREM2, p.V232M in PLD3, and p.T835M in UNC5C. To examine whether these variants are genetic risk factors in patients with AD from mainland China, we sequenced exon 2(More)