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Paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesias is a paroxysmal movement disorder characterized by recurrent, brief attacks of abnormal involuntary movements induced by sudden voluntary movements. Although several loci, including the pericentromeric region of chromosome 16, have been linked to paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesias, the causative gene has not yet been(More)
GGGGCC repeat expansions in the C9orf72 gene have been identified as a major contributing factor in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD). Given the overlapping of clinical phenotypes and pathological characteristics between these two diseases and Alzheimer's disease (AD), Parkinson's disease (PD), and essential(More)
Vitamin D and vitamin D receptor (VDR) have been postulated as environmental and genetic factors in neurodegenerative disorders including multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer disease, and recently Parkinson disease (PD). The purpose of this study is to explore the potential correlation between single nucleotide polymorphisms of the VDR gene (VDR) rs4334089 and(More)
Exposure to excessive manganese (Mn) causes manganism, a progressive neurodegenerative disorder similar to idiopathic Parkinson's disease (IPD). The detailed mechanisms of Mn neurotoxicity in nerve cells, especially in dopaminergic neurons are not yet fully understood. Meanwhile, it is unknown whether there exists a potential antagonist or effective drug(More)
Generalized epilepsy with febrile seizures plus (GEFS+) is an epileptic syndrome inherited in autosomal dominant mode. Of all the identified causative GEFS+ genes, voltage-gated sodium channel alpha1 subunit gene (SCN1A) is the most clinically relevant one. We describe here the clinical and molecular characterization of a GEFS+ family. A novel heterozygous(More)
To investigate the prevalence and clinical feature(s) of Parkinson's disease (PD) patients with expanded (ATXN2 and MJD1) genes of spinocerebellar ataxia type 2 and 3 (SCA2 and SCA3/MJD) in a mainland Chinese population, CAG triplet repeat expansions of (SCA2 and SCA3/MJD) genes (ATXN2 and MJD1) were analyzed in a cohort of 452 PD patients, including 386(More)
A recent meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies in Parkinson's disease (PD) has identified the rs12456492 variant in RIT2 as a new susceptibility loci. Because the characteristics of this locus in a Han Chinese population from mainland China was still unknown, we performed a case-control replication study in this population and investigated RIT2(More)
The ubiquitin carboxy-terminal hydrolase L1 gene (UCH-L1) has been implicated in the etiology of Parkinson's disease (PD). In several previous studies, an S18Y (C54A) polymorphism in exon 3 of the UCH-L1 gene has been found to be protective against PD. We performed polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis for DNA samples(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD), Parkinson's disease (PD), and cognitive impairment in PD have overlapping clinical and pathological features. To examine whether there is a genetic link for these diseases, we performed a case-control study in Chinese population to evaluate the association of AD genome-wide association studies top hits with both PD and cognitive(More)
In polyglutamine (polyQ) diseases, large polyQ repeats cause juvenile cases with different symptoms than those of adult-onset patients, who carry smaller expanded polyQ repeats. The mechanisms behind the differential pathology mediated by different polyQ repeat lengths remain unknown. By studying knockin mouse models of spinal cerebellar ataxia-17 (SCA17),(More)