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Cardiac remodelling is a major determinant of heart failure (HF) and is characterised by cardiac hypertrophy, fibrosis, oxidative stress and myocytes apoptosis. Hesperetin, which belongs to the flavonoid subgroup of citrus flavonoids, is the main flavonoid in oranges and possesses multiple pharmacological properties. However, its role in cardiac remodelling(More)
UNLABELLED Since electrical stimulation (ES) can significantly accelerate bone healing, a conductive scaffold that can deliver ES locally at the defect site is desirable for bone defect therapy. Herein, an electrically conductive scaffold was prepared via incorporation of polypyrrole (PPY) in a polycaprolactone (PCL) template scaffold. In vitro tests with(More)
Direct current (DC) stimulation has been used to promote bone repair and osteogenesis, but problems associated with the implanted metal electrodes may limit its application and compromise the therapeutic results. The replacement of the metal electrodes with a biodegradable conductive polymer film can potentially overcome these problems. In our work,(More)
Psoriasis is characterized by resistance to infections, which is regulated by antimicrobial proteins. Whether antimicrobial proteins play a pathogenic role in psoriasis remains unclear. In this study, we aimed to elucidate the role of lipocalin-2 (Lcn2), an antimicrobial protein, in the pathogenesis of psoriasis. Our results showed that Lcn2 was highly(More)
BACKGROUND In recently, several large longitudinal population-based studies have shown that the rate of cognitive decline is accelerated in elderly people with diabetes mellitus. But the relation between diabetes and AD is still an area of controversy. The objective of this review was to update the evidence for or against diabetes as a risk factor of AD. (More)
Abstract Fluconazole resistance of Candida albicans has been reported to be the result of one or more specific point mutations in ERG11 gene. In this study, we amplified and sequenced the entire ERG11 coding sequence of 72 isolates of C. albicans to search for possible mutations. Twenty-seven silent mutations and 14 missense mutations were identified. While(More)
Orthopedic implant failure is mainly due to defective osseointegration and bacterial infection. Hence, a promising strategy to overcome these two problems is to functionalize the implant surface with both growth factors (GFs) and anti-infective agents. Covalent immobilization is widely used for such functionalization, but few studies have investigated the(More)
HYPOTHESIS Anatase-modified titanium (Ti) substrates have been found to possess antibacterial properties in the absence of ultraviolet irradiation, but the mechanism is not known. We hypothesize that this is due to the bactericidal effects of reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated by the surface anatase. EXPERIMENTS Alkali and heat treatment was used to(More)
BACKGROUND Attention has recently been directed toward a plausible link between Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) and proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs). However, the results of studies on the association between CDI and PPI remain controversial. METHODS We searched the literature from their inception to December 2016 without restriction of language. We(More)
The expression level of CC-chemokine receptor 5 (CCR5) is enhanced post inflammatory stimulations and might play a crucial role on inflammatory cells infiltration post myocardial ischemia. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of CCR5 on myocardial ischemia–reperfusion (I/R) injury in rats. Adult male rats were randomized to sham group, I/R(More)