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Alzheimer's disease (AD) is increasingly recognized as a disconnection syndrome, which leads to cognitive impairment due to the disruption of functional activity across large networks or systems of interconnected brain regions. We explored abnormal functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) resting-state dynamics, functional connectivity, and weighted(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Lymph node metastasis is a major prognostic factor for perihilar cholangiocarcinoma (PHC). However, prognostic significance of extent of node dissection, lymph node ratio (LNR), and number and location of positive nodes remain unclear. We aimed to evaluate whether node status, LNR, or number or location of positive nodes are independent(More)
Although the role of TGF-β in tumor progression has been studied extensively, its impact on drug delivery in tumors remains far from understood. In this study, we examined the effect of TGF-β blockade on the delivery and efficacy of conventional therapeutics and nanotherapeutics in orthotopic mammary carcinoma mouse models. We used both genetic(More)
PURPOSE Ovarian cancer patients with malignant ascites have poor prognosis. The accumulation of ascites is caused by an imbalance between fluid extravasation from the blood vessels and reabsorption by lymphatic vessels. Whereas, the role of TGF-β in tumor progression has been well studied, the role of TGF-β in lymphatic vessel function is far from(More)
PURPOSE Unlike platelet-derived growth factor-B (PDGF-B), the role of PDGF-D in tumor progression or treatment is largely unknown. To this end, we determined the role of PDGF-D in breast cancer progression, metastasis, and response to chemotherapy. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN We first examined PDGF-D expression in human breast carcinomas by immunohistochemical(More)
Altered functional characteristics have been reported in amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) and Alzheimer's disease (AD); nonetheless, comprehensive analyses of the resting-state networks (RSNs) are rare. This study combined multiple imaging modalities to investigate the functional and structural changes within each RSN and between RSNs in aMCI/AD(More)
BACKGROUND The effect of breast cancer subtype on margin status after lumpectomy remains unclear. This study aims to determine whether approximated breast cancer subtype is associated with positive margins after lumpectomy, which could be used to determine if there is an increased risk of developing local recurrence (LR) following breast-conserving surgery.(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to determine whether estrogen receptor (ER)/progesterone receptor (PR) and human epidermal growth factor receptor type 2 (HER2) statuses between primary tumors and paired liver metastatic localizations of breast carcinoma were modified by treatment or during the natural metastatic process. METHODS ER, PR, and HER2(More)
OBJECTIVE This article is intended to make a study on the expressive levels of mucin core proteins (MUC1 and MUC5AC) and detect their clinicopathologic significances in the benign and malignant lesions of gallbladder. METHODS EnVision immunohistochemical method for determining the expressions of MUC1 and MUC5AC was used in routinely paraffin-embedded(More)
To study the impact of hormone receptor (HR)- and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-defined subtypes on survival of inflammatory breast cancer (IBC), and to determine whether sensitivity to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) varies with subtypes in a large IBC population. We analyzed 593 IBCs with known HR/HER2 statuses between 2010 and 2011 from(More)