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We report a new powerful type of contrast and size illusion caused by apparent motion in depth, which we called the StarTrek illusion. We found that an optic flow pattern consistent with objects moving in depth strongly modulates their apparent contrast. Disks that appeared to move away from the observer appeared to grow higher in contrast and larger, while(More)
Size constancy is a well-known example of perceptual stabilization accounting for the effect of viewing distance on retinal image size. In a recent study (Qian & Petrov, 2012), we demonstrated a similar stabilization mechanism for contrast perception and suggested that the brain accounts for effects of perceived distance on various other object features in(More)
Size constancy is one of the well-known visual phenomena that demonstrates perceptual stability to account for the effect of viewing distance on retinal image size. Although theories involving distance scaling to achieve size constancy have flourished based on psychophysical studies, its underlying neural mechanisms remain unknown. Single cell recordings(More)
Perceptual constancy refers to the ability to stabilize the representation of an object even though the retinal image of the object undergoes variations. In previous studies, we proposed a General Object Constancy (GOC) hypothesis to demonstrate a common stabilization mechanism for perception of an object's features, such as size, contrast and depth, as the(More)
It is known that the perceived size of an afterimage is modulated by the perceived distance between the observer and the depth plane on which the afterimage is projected (Emmert's law). Illusions like Ponzo demonstrate that illusory distance induced by depth cues can also affect the perceived size of an object. In this study, we report that the illusory(More)
Visual working memory (VWM) is a cognitive memory buffer for temporarily holding, processing, and manipulating visual information. Previous studies have demonstrated mixed results of the effect of depth perception on VWM, with some showing a beneficial effect while others not. In this study, we employed an adapted change detection paradigm to investigate(More)
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