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In order to functionally analyze the predicted defensive role of leaf polyphenol oxidase (PPO; EC in Populus, transgenic hybrid aspen (Populus tremula × P. alba) plants overexpressing a hybrid poplar (Populus trichocarpa × P. deltoides) PtdPPO1 gene were constructed. Regenerated transgenic plants showed high PPO enzyme activity, PtdPPO1 mRNA(More)
Leucine-rich repeat receptor-like kinases (LRR-RLKs) comprise the largest group within the receptor-like kinase (RLK) superfamily in plants. This gene family plays critical and diverse roles in plant growth, development and stress response. Although the LRR-RLK families in Arabidopsis and rice have been previously analyzed, no comprehensive studies have(More)
As the largest subfamily of receptor-like kinases (RLKs), leucine-rich repeat receptor-like kinases (LRR-RLKs) regulate the growth, development, and stress responses of plants. Through a reiterative process of sequence analysis and re-annotation, 234 LRR-RLK genes were identified in the genome of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) 'Heinz 1706', which were(More)
Short-Root (SHR) is a well-characterized regulator of radial patterning and indeterminacy of the Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) primary root. However, its role during the elaboration of root system architecture remains unclear. We report that the indeterminate wild-type Arabidopsis root system was transformed into a determinate root system in the shr(More)
Two polyphenol oxidase isoforms with distinct expression patterns were identified in hybrid poplar (Populus trichocarpaxP. deltoides). PPO-1, corresponding to the previously cloned PtdPPO (Constabel et al., Plant Physiol. 124: 285-295) was primarily leaf tissue-specific and detected only after wounding. PPO-2 was expressed constitutively in all tissue types(More)
The expression of three polyphenol oxidase (PPO; EC genes was investigated in hybrid poplar (Populus trichocarpa · P. deltoides). PtdPPO1 was previously isolated as a woundand herbivore-inducible PPO (Constabel et al. Plant Physiol 124: 285–295, 2000), whereas PtdPPO2 and PtdPPO3 are two novel hybrid poplar PPO genes isolated from stem and root(More)
Phytases release inorganic phosphates from phytate in soil. A gene encoding phytase (AfPhyA) was isolated from Aspergillus ficuum and its ability to degrade phytase and release phosphate was demonstrated in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. A promoter from the Arabidopsis Pky10 gene and the carrot extensin signal peptide were used to drive the root-specific and(More)
The expression of a microbial phytase in transgenic plants may create a new biochemical pathway that mobilizes its endogenous phytate and release inorganic phosphate from it, so that more phosphorus is available for plant growth. In this study, transgenic soybean plants were generated via both Agrobacterium transformation and pollen tube pathway with the(More)
The phytohormone auxin is an essential mediator in many aspects of plant development. Its dynamic and differential distribution within the plant is regulated by a variety of environmental cues including heavy metal stimuli. In the present study, we first evaluated the toxic effects of seven heavy metals including Pb2+, Cd2+, Hg2+, Ni2+. Zn2+, Co2+ and Cu2+(More)
Glucoamylases are inverting exo-acting starch hydrolases releasing β-glucose from the non-reducing ends of starch and related substrates. Due to the absence of glucoamylase in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, it is not capable of utilizing starch directly as energy sources without enzymatic or chemical hydrolysis for its ethanol production. In this study, we(More)