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Nociceptors, or pain-sensitive receptors, are unique among sensory receptors in that their sensitivity is increased by noxious stimulation. This process, called sensitization or hyperalgesia, is mediated by a variety of proinflammatory factors, including bradykinin, ATP and NGF, which cause sensitization to noxious heat stimuli by enhancing the membrane(More)
BACKGROUND Phototransduction in microvillar photoreceptors is mediated via G protein-coupled phospholipase C (PLC), but how PLC activation leads to the opening of the light-sensitive TRPC channels (TRP and TRPL) remains unresolved. In Drosophila, InsP(3) appears not to be involved, and recent studies have implicated lipid products of PLC activity, e.g.,(More)
Animals sense temperature--either cold or hot--by the direct activation of temperature-sensitive members of the TRP family of ion channels, the thermo-TRPs. To date, six TRP channels--TRPV1-4, TRPM8 and TRPA1--have been reported to be directly activated by heat and to be involved in thermosensation. Temperature sensing can be modulated by phosphorylation of(More)
Phototransduction in flies is the fastest known G protein-coupled signaling cascade, but how this performance is achieved remains unclear. Here, we investigate the mechanism and role of rhodopsin inactivation. We determined the lifetime of activated rhodopsin (metarhodopsin = M( *)) in whole-cell recordings from Drosophila photoreceptors by measuring the(More)
Injury or inflammation release a range of inflammatory mediators that increase the sensitivity of sensory neurons to noxious thermal or mechanical stimuli. The heat- and capsaicin-gated channel TRPV1, which is an important detector of multiple noxious stimuli, plays a critical role in the development of thermal hyperalgesia induced by a wide range of(More)
The Drosophila phototransduction cascade transforms light into depolarizations that are further shaped by activation of voltage-dependent K+ (Kv) channels. In whole-cell recordings of isolated photoreceptors, we show that light selectively modulated the delayed rectifier (Shab) current. Shab currents were increased by light with similar kinetics to the(More)
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