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Nitrosamines are potent carcinogens and have been found in latex products. In 2007, twenty-seven natural latex gloves including sterile gloves, examination gloves and household use gloves were sampled from the Chinese market. This study monitored the migration of nitrosamines and nitrosatable substance from these gloves, and evaluated their mutagenicity(More)
BACKGROUND Sperm head vacuoles are easily detectable in human spermatozoa under the electron microscope. A sperm head vacuole is considered abnormal when it exceeds 20% of the head's cross-sectional area. The authors report a rare case of primary spermatozoa deformity with 100% vacuolated head and evaluate the correlation between presence of head(More)
AIM In this study, we aimed to establish a mouse model of repeated medical termination of pregnancy in order to determine subsequent outcomes. METHODS A model of mifepristone (RU 486)-induced medical abortion was established in BALB/c mice to facilitate the investigation of the impact of medical abortion on subsequent pregnancies, including litter sizes(More)
Human testis-specific and bromodomain-containing protein (hBRDT) is essential for chromatin remodeling during spermatogenesis and is therefore an attractive target for the discovery of male contraceptive drugs. In this study, pharmacophore modeling was carried out based on the crystal structure of hBRDT in complex with the inhibitor, JQ1. The established(More)
The role of prostaglandins (PGs) in menstruation has long been proposed. Although evidence from studies on human and nonhuman primates supports the involvement of PGs in menstruation, whether PGs play an obligatory role in the process remains unclear. Although cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitors have been used in the treatment of irregular uterine bleeding, the(More)
STUDY QUESTION Is there a critical period of progesterone (P4) withdrawal in a mouse menstrual-like model, and at what time after P4 withdrawal endometrial breakdown become irreversible? STUDY ANSWER Our results showed that a 12-16 h critical period of P4 withdrawal exists in the mouse menstrual-like model. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY P4 withdrawal is the(More)
Progesterone withdrawal triggers endometrial breakdown and shedding during menstruation. Menstruation results from inflammatory responses; however, the role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in menstruation remains unclear. In this study, we explored the role of ROS in endometrial breakdown and shedding. We found that ROS levels were significantly increased(More)
In our previous study, menstrual-like changes in mouse were provoked through the pharmacologic withdrawal of progesterone with mifepristone following induction of decidualization. However, mouse is not a natural menstruation animal, and the menstruation model using external stimuli may not truly reflect the occurrence and development of the human menstrual(More)
Mifepristone is a synthetic steroid compound that has been applied to terminate early pregnancy for many years. However, about 15% of the women undergo failure in termination of early pregnancy, the causes of which remain largely unknown. We herein selected estrogen receptor 1 gene (ESR1) as a candidate gene to determine whether single nuclear polymorphisms(More)