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miRNAs regulate gene expression by inhibiting translation or by targeting messenger RNA (mRNA) for degradation in a post-transcriptional fashion. In the present study, we show that ectopic expression of miR-34a reduces both mRNA and protein levels of cyclin D1 (CCND1) and cyclin-dependent kinase 6 (CDK6). We also demonstrate that miR-34a targets the(More)
The interaction between VRN - A1 and FR - A2 largely affect the frost tolerance of hexaploid wheat. Frost tolerance is critical for wheat survival during cold winters. Natural variation for this trait is mainly associated with allelic differences at the VERNALIZATION 1 (VRN1) and FROST RESISTANCE 2 (FR2) loci. VRN1 regulates the transition between(More)
The centrosome position in many types of interphase cells is actively maintained in the cell center. Our previous work indicated that the centrosome is kept at the center by pulling force generated by dynein and actin flow produced by myosin contraction and that an unidentified factor that depends on microtubule dynamics destabilizes position of the(More)
OBJECTIVE To develop evidence-based clinical practice guidelines for interventional techniques in the diagnosis and treatment of chronic spinal pain. METHODOLOGY Systematic assessment of the literature. EVIDENCE I. Lumbar Spine • The evidence for accuracy of diagnostic selective nerve root blocks is limited; whereas for lumbar provocation discography,(More)
Nijmegen breakage syndrome (NBS) is a rare autosomal recessive human disease whose clinical features include growth retardation, immunodeficiency, and increased susceptibility to lymphoid malignancies. Cells from NBS patients exhibit gamma-irradiation sensitivity, S-phase checkpoint defects, and genomic instability. Recently, it was demonstrated that this(More)
RATIONALE It is unclear when the pathologic features of asthma first appear. We hypothesized that eosinophilic airway inflammation and epithelial reticular basement membrane (RBM) thickening, absent in wheezy infants, would be present in preschool children with severe, recurrent wheeze. OBJECTIVES To compare RBM thickness and inflammation in endobronchial(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small regulatory RNAs that are thought to be involved in diverse biological processes by regulating gene expression. Numerous miRNAs have been identified in various species, and many more miRNAs remain to be detected. Generally, hundreds of mRNAs have been predicted to be potential targets of one miRNA, so it is a great(More)
Cilomilast (Ariflo), a new oral phosphodiesterase-4 selective inhibitor, improves lung function in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We have evaluated its antiinflammatory effects in 59 patients with COPD randomized to receive cilomilast, 15 mg two times a day, or placebo for 12 weeks. Induced sputum differential cell counts were obtained at(More)
The complete gene xyn// that encodes endo-1,4-beta-xylanase secreted by Aspergillus usamii E001 was cloned and sequenced. The coding region of the gene is separated by only one intron. It encodes 184 amino acid residues of a protein with a calculated molecular weight of 19.8kDa plus a signal peptide of 27 amino acids. The amino acid sequence of the xyn//(More)
Detecting who is looking at whom during multiparty interaction is useful for various tasks such as meeting analysis. There are two contributing factors in the formation of where a person is looking at : head orientation and eye orientation. In this poster, we present an experiment aimed at evaluating the potential of head orientation estimation in detecting(More)