Learn More
BACKGROUND Experimental descriptions are typically stored as free text without using standardized terminology, creating challenges in comparison, reproduction and analysis. These difficulties impose limitations on data exchange and information retrieval. RESULTS The Ontology for Biomedical Investigations (OBI), developed as a global, cross-community(More)
MOTIVATION Describing biological sample variables with ontologies is complex due to the cross-domain nature of experiments. Ontologies provide annotation solutions; however, for cross-domain investigations, multiple ontologies are needed to represent the data. These are subject to rapid change, are often not interoperable and present complexities that are a(More)
MOTIVATION In silico methods provide efficient ways to predict possible interactions between drugs and targets. Supervised learning approach, bipartite local model (BLM), has recently been shown to be effective in prediction of drug-target interactions. However, for drug-candidate compounds or target-candidate proteins that currently have no known(More)
The assignment of orthologous genes between a pair of genomes is a fundamental and challenging problem in comparative genomics. Existing methods that assign orthologs based on the similarity between DNA or protein sequences may make erroneous assignments when sequence similarity does not clearly delineate the evolutionary relationship among genes of the(More)
MOTIVATION Expressed sequence tag (EST) databases have grown exponentially in recent years and now represent the largest collection of genetic sequences. An important application of these databases is that they contain information useful for the design of gene-specific oligonucleotides (or simply, oligos) that can be used in PCR primer design, microarray(More)
BACKGROUND Cellular response to external stimuli requires propagation of corresponding signals through molecular signaling pathways. However, signaling pathways are not isolated information highways, but rather interact in a number of ways forming sophisticated signaling networks. Since defects in signaling pathways are associated with many serious(More)
Network operation is inherently complex because it consists of many functions such as routing, firewalling, VPN provisioning, traffic load-balancing, network maintenance , etc. To cope with this, network designers have created modular components to handle each function. Unfortunately , in reality, unavoidable dependencies exist between some of the(More)
Multi-tier applications are widely deployed in today's virtualized cloud computing environments. At the same time, management operations in these virtualized environments, such as load balancing, hardware maintenance, workload consolidation, etc., often make use of live virtual machine (VM) migration to control the placement of VMs. Although existing(More)
The influence of genetic variation on complex diseases is potentially mediated through a range of highly dynamic epigenetic processes exhibiting temporal variation during development and later life. Here we present a catalogue of the genetic influences on DNA methylation (methylation quantitative trait loci (mQTL)) at five different life stages in human(More)
The changes of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor and protective efficacy of memantine (MEM) in rats poisoned with dichlorvos were studied. Dichlorvos evoked down-regulation of the affinity and density of [(3)H]MK-801 binding to NMDA receptor in the brain of rats receiving dichlorvos (15 and 25 mg/kg bw, i.p.). The binding capacity of NMDA receptor and(More)