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Mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs) have attracted much attention due to their mobility and ease of deployment. However, the wireless and dynamic natures render them more vulnerable to various types of security attacks than the wired networks. The major challenge is to guarantee secure network services. To meet this challenge, certificate revocation is an(More)
Substantial development in the pharmacological treatment for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been made recently including approval of new non-stimulant agents targeting noradrenergic, histaminergic and dopaminergic systems. Among such, atomoxetine has been widely used, although its mechanism of action is poorly understood. It is known(More)
Cytokines play an important role in the immunological pathogenesis of schistosomiasis. Schistosomiasis would be associated with an imbalance in inflammatory cytokines that leads to a decrease of T helper (Th) 1 and an increase of Th2 cytokine secretion. Corresponding data so far have been inconsistent, so we performed a meta-analysis to assess whether(More)
Immune responses can be modulated by Pavlovian conditioning techniques. In this study, to evaluate the conditionability of antibody response via a single-trial conditioning paradigm, we used a protein antigen ovalbumin as an unconditioned stimulus (UCS) that was paired with a novel taste of saccharin in a single-trial learning protocol. A significant(More)
Growing evidence indicates that glia atrophy contributes to the pathophysiology and the pathogenesis of major depressive disorder. Magnolol is the main constituent identified in the bark of Magnolia officinalis, which has been used for the treatment of mental disorders, including depression, in Asian countries. In this study, we investigated the(More)
The continuous growth in both commercial and public network traffic with various quality-of-service (QoS) requirements is calling for better service than the Internet's best effort mechanism. One of the challenging issues is to predict the overall behavior of aggregate network traffic. While network traffic characterization has been studied extensively due(More)
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Schistosoma japonicum is the pathogen responsible for schistosomiasis japonica, one of the major infectious diseases targeted for prevention nationally in China. Expression of heat shock proteins (HSPs) following stress plays a very important biological role in many organisms including S. japonicum. Among the HSP family, the 70-kDa HSPs are most responsible(More)
Excess aluminum (Al) exposure impairs neurocognitive function in humans and animals. Epidemiologic studies have shown a potential link between chronic Al exposure and Alzheimer's disease. In the present study, we sought to evaluate the protective effects of the herbal medicine Dipsacus asper extract against the cognitive impairment and overexpression of(More)
Selenium (Se) deficiency induces Ca2+ leak and calcification in mammal skeletal muscles; however, the exact mechanism is still unclear. In the present study, both Se-deficient chicken muscle models and selenoprotein W (SelW) gene knockdown myoblast and embryo models were used to study the mechanism. The results showed that Se deficiency-induced typical(More)