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Increased accumulation of lipofuscin in cells of the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) is seen in several forms of macular degeneration, a common cause of blindness in humans. A major fluorophore of lipofuscin is the toxic bis-retinoid, N-retinylidene-N-retinylethanolamine (A2E). Previously, we generated mice with a knockout mutation in the abcr gene. This(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the role of programmed cell death (apoptosis) in the disappearance of keratocytes beneath an epithelial debridement wound in the cornea and to investigate a potential role of interleukin-1 (IL-1) in induction of apoptosis in stromal fibroblasts in vitro and keratocytes in vivo. Keratocyte and stromal fibroblast(More)
AIM To describe the status of glycaemic control, self-reported adherence to treatments, psychological well-being and quality of life in Chinese patients with Type 2 diabetes in 2006. METHODS Subjects having registered for care for > 12 months at a diabetes clinic were enrolled in this study. Glycaemic control was determined by HbA(1c) and plasma glucose(More)
Refractory chronic GVHD (cGVHD) is an important complication after allogeneic hematopoietic SCT and is prognostic of poor outcome. MSCs are involved in tissue repair and modulating immune responses in vitro and in vivo. From April 2005 to October 2008, 19 patients with refractory cGVHD were treated with MSCs derived from the BM of volunteers. The median(More)
Diabetic skin ulcer is difficult to heal due to the lack of cellular and molecular signals required for normal wound repair. Emulsion electrospinning was adopted to imbed basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) into ultrafine fibers with a core-sheath structure to promote the wound healing process. An initially burst release as low as 14.0 ± 2.2% was(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to characterize the expression of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and HGF receptor proteins in lacrimal gland, tears, and cornea. METHODS The reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction method was used to detect HGF and HGF receptor messenger RNA in human lacrimal gland tissue. HGF and HGF (c-met) receptor(More)
The electrospinning process was utilized successfully to fabricate the random oriented and aligned electrically conductive nanofibers of biodegradable poly-DL-lactide (PLA) in which multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) were embedded. The topographical features of the composite nanofibers were characterized by SEM. The dispersion and alignment of MWCNTs in(More)
We sought to determine the effects of exogenous epidermal growth factor (EGF), heparin-binding EGF (HB-EGF), transforming growth factor alpha (TGF-alpha), single-chain precursor hepatocyte growth factor (SC-HGF), double-chain mature HGF (DC-HGF), and keratinocyte growth factor (KGF) on proliferation, motility, and differentiation of first passage cultures(More)
PURPOSE Previous studies have suggested that the disappearance of anterior keratocytes after injury to the overlying epithelium is mediated by apoptosis. The authors examined the expression of the apoptosis-related modulators, Fas (receptor), Fas ligand, Bax, Bcl-2, Bcl-XL, and interleukin-1 beta converting enzyme (ICE) in corneal cells as candidate(More)
This study was aimed at assessing the potential use of electrospun fibers as drug delivery vehicles with focus on the different diameters and drug contents to control drug release and polymer fiber degradation. A drug-loaded solvent-casting polymer film was made with an average thickness of 100 microm for comparative purposes. DSC analysis indicated that(More)