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As the technology progresses, interconnect delays have become bottlenecks of chip performance. 3D integrated circuits are proposed as one way to address this problem. However, thermal problem is a critical challenge for 3D IC circuit design. We propose a thermal-driven 3D floorplanning algorithm. Our contributions include: (1) a new 3D floorplan(More)
A metagenomic cosmid library was prepared in Escherichia coli from DNA extracted from the contents of rabbit cecum and screened for cellulase activities. Eleven independent clones expressing cellulase activities (four endo-β-1,4-glucanases and seven β-glucosidases) were isolated. Subcloning and sequencing analysis of these clones identified 11 cellulase(More)
Transgenic mouse lines were generated that express the Cre recombinase under the control of the distal promoter of the mouse Lck gene. Cre recombination in four of these lines of transgenic mice was characterized at the single cell level using ROSA26-regulated loxP-Stop-loxP-betageo and loxP-Stop-loxP-YFP reporter mouse lines. Two of the lines showed T(More)
Proto-oncogene Akt plays essential roles in cell proliferation and tumorigenesis. Full activation of Akt is regulated by phosphorylation, ubiquitination, and acetylation. Here we report that SUMOylation of Akt is a novel mechanism for its activation. Systematically analyzing the role of lysine residues in Akt activation revealed that K276, which is located(More)
Human Adenovirus 41 (Ad41) is an important human enteric pathogen and widely prevalent in the environment. The aim of this study was to assess the survival of Ad41 based on genome stability and infectivity in different types of manure and three types of biosolids. For viral survival studies, Ad41 was added to pelletized poultry litter (PL), alum-treated(More)
Romaine lettuce (Lactuca sativa) was grown hydroponically or in soil and challenged with murine norovirus 1 (MNV) under two conditions: one mimicking a severe one-time contamination event and another mimicking a lower level of contamination occurring over time. In each condition, lettuce was challenged with MNV delivered at the roots. In the first case,(More)
Angiostrongylus cantonensis is a neurotrophic and pulmonary parasite which causes severe neuropathological damages by invading and developing in the central nervous system (CNS). Nonpermissive host with A. cantonensis infection appeared to have more serious neurologic symptoms, and there is still not much knowledge about the host–parasite interrelationship(More)
Bisphenol A (BPA), a widely used environmental endocrine disruptor, has been reported to disrupt glucose homeostasis. BPA exposure may be a risk factor for type 2 diabetes. In this study, we investigated the effects of early-life BPA exposure on metabolic syndrome in rat offspring fed a normal diet and a high-fat diet. Pregnant Wistar rats were exposed to(More)
Systemic lupus erythematosus is a systemic autoimmune disease characterized by inflammation in organs such as kidneys and presence of autoantibodies against nuclear antigens. We have previously shown that CD1d deficiency in BALB/c mice exacerbates lupus nephritis and autoantibody production induced by the hydrocarbon oil pristane. Here, we have tested the(More)
Schistosomes are the causative agent of schistosomiasis. The 70-kDa heat-shock proteins (HSP70) are considered the predominant HSP family and play a key regulatory role in parasite development and pathogenesis. Based on the published sequences in Genbank/EMBL, an open-reading frame (ORF) encoding 653 amino acids (XP_002581385.1) and belonging to the(More)