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Measuring gene expression in individual cells is crucial for understanding the gene regulatory network controlling human embryonic development. Here we apply single-cell RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq) analysis to 124 individual cells from human preimplantation embryos and human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) at different passages. The number of maternally expressed(More)
DNA methylation is a crucial element in the epigenetic regulation of mammalian embryonic development. However, its dynamic patterns have not been analysed at the genome scale in human pre-implantation embryos due to technical difficulties and the scarcity of required materials. Here we systematically profile the methylome of human early embryos from the(More)
Germ cells are vital for transmitting genetic information from one generation to the next and for maintaining the continuation of species. Here, we analyze the transcriptome of human primordial germ cells (PGCs) from the migrating stage to the gonadal stage at single-cell and single-base resolutions. Human PGCs show unique transcription patterns involving(More)
STUDY QUESTION What is the prevalence of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in Han Chinese women from different communities? SUMMARY ANSWER The prevalence of PCOS in Chinese women aged 19-45 years is 5.6%. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY The prevalence of PCOS is reported to range from 5 to 10% but to the best of our knowledge the Han Chinese population has not(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the association between apoptosis genes Fas/Fas L promoter polymorphisms and the risk of the development of cervical cancer. METHODS Blood samples were collected from 314 cases with primary cervical cancer and 615 healthy controls. Genotypes of Fas/Fas L genes were determined by polymerase chain reaction-based restriction fragment(More)
This study analysed the relationship between serum progesterone/oestradiol concentrations and IVF pregnancy outcomes in gonadotrophin-releasing hormone agonist protocols. A total of 2921 infertile women undergoing IVF were assigned to four groups according to serum progesterone and oestradiol concentrations on the day of human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG)(More)
BACKGROUND Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common metabolic dysfunction and heterogeneous endocrine disorder in women of reproductive age. Although patients with PCOS are typically characterized by increased numbers of oocytes retrieved during IVF, they are often of poor quality, leading to lower fertilization, cleavage and implantation rates, and a(More)
Meiotic recombination creates genetic diversity and ensures segregation of homologous chromosomes. Previous population analyses yielded results averaged among individuals and affected by evolutionary pressures. We sequenced 99 sperm from an Asian male by using the newly developed amplification method-multiple annealing and looping-based amplification(More)
Single-cell genome analyses of human oocytes are important for meiosis research and preimplantation genomic screening. However, the nonuniformity of single-cell whole-genome amplification hindered its use. Here, we demonstrate genome analyses of single human oocytes using multiple annealing and looping-based amplification cycle (MALBAC)-based sequencing(More)
5-methylcytosine (mC) can be oxidized by the tet methylcytosine dioxygenase (Tet) family of enzymes to 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (hmC), which is an intermediate of mC demethylation and may also be a stable epigenetic modification that influences chromatin structure. hmC is particularly abundant in mammalian brains but its function is currently unknown. A(More)