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In cells, RNA polymerase (RNAP) must transcribe supercoiled DNA, whose torsional state is constantly changing, but how RNAP deals with DNA supercoiling remains elusive. We report direct measurements of individual Escherichia coli RNAPs as they transcribed supercoiled DNA. We found that a resisting torque slowed RNAP and increased its pause frequency and(More)
The incidence of amyloid plaques, composed mainly of beta-amyloid peptides (Abeta), does not correlate well with the severity of neurodegeneration in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). The effects of Abeta(42) on neurons or neural stem cells (NSCs) in terms of the aggregated form remain controversial. We prepared three forms of oligomeric, fibrillar,(More)
Since the first outbreak in Indonesia in 1926, Newcastle disease has become one of the most common and contagious bird diseases throughout the world. To date, enhancing host antibody response by vaccination remains the most efficient strategy to control outbreaks of Newcastle disease. Antibody response plays an important role in host resistance to Newcastle(More)
CONTEXT Follicular helper T (Tfh) cells exert an important role in the autoimmune diseases. AIM Our study aimed to explore the role of Tfh cells in patients with autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD). DESIGN Tfh cell is a new subset regulating the antibody production of B cell. Previous studies implicated CD4+CXCR5+ICOShigh or CD4+CXCR5+PD-1high as the(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play important roles in the initiation and progression of lung cancer. Measuring miRNA expression levels in sputum could provide a potential approach for the diagnosis of lung cancer. The emerging digital PCR is a straightforward technique for precise, direct, and absolute quantification of nucleic acids. The objective of the study was to(More)
Recent accumulating evidence has indicated that ZNF804A (zinc finger protein 804A) may be one of the most robustly implicated genes in schizophrenia. In this report, we examined ZNF804A single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) encompassing exon 4 by performing an association study that used a Han Chinese sample comprised of 492 schizophrenia patients and 516(More)
We propose a method for vector field learning with outliers, called vector field consensus (VFC). It could distinguish inliers from outliers and learn a vector field fitting for the inliers simultaneously. A prior is taken to force the smoothness of the field, which is based on the Tiknonov regularization in vector-valued reproducing kernel Hilbert space.(More)
To investigate the clinical features of adult patients with hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) and to explore possible risk factors for death, we retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 103 adult HLH patients hospitalized from 1997 to 2012. We analyzed the underlying diseases, clinical characteristics, laboratory findings, outcomes, and(More)