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The cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) channel interacts with scaffolding and other proteins that are expected to restrict its lateral movement, yet previous studies have reported predominantly free diffusion. We examined the lateral mobility of CFTR channels on live baby hamster kidney cells using three complementary methods.(More)
We generated a novel mouse model of spinal cord injury (SCI) by hemisection of the right L1 lumbar spinal cord, measured the permeability of the blood-spinal cord barrier (BSCB), and tested the hypothesis that tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha) penetrates the injured BSCB by an enhanced transport system. SCI produced stereotypical sensorimotor deficits(More)
Leptin is a multifunctional hormone produced by the ob gene and is secreted by adipocytes that regulate food intake and energy metabolism. Numerous studies demonstrated that leptin is a novel neuroprotective effector, however, the mechanisms are largely unknown. Herein, we demonstrate the protective activities of leptin after ischemic stroke and provide the(More)
BACKGROUND Xanthomonas campestris pathovar campestris (Xcc) is the causal agent of black rot disease of crucifers worldwide. The molecular genetic diversity and host specificity of Xcc are poorly understood. RESULTS We constructed a microarray based on the complete genome sequence of Xcc strain 8004 and investigated the genetic diversity and host(More)
The hormonal form of vitamin D(3), 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (1,25(OH)(2)D(3)), is an immune system modulator and induces expression of the TLR coreceptor CD14. 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) signals through the vitamin D receptor, a ligand-stimulated transcription factor that recognizes specific DNA sequences called vitamin D response elements. In this study, we show(More)
RATIONALE Cigarette smoke extract inhibits chloride secretion in human bronchial epithelial cells. Oxidants decrease gene expression, protein expression, and function of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR). OBJECTIVES Because cigarette smoke is a rich source of oxidants, we verified the hypothesis that CFTR may be suppressed by(More)
The pH of airway epithelial secretions influences bacterial killing and mucus properties and is reduced by acidic pollutants, gastric reflux, and respiratory diseases such as cystic fibrosis (CF). The effect of acute acid loads depends on buffer capacity, however the buffering of airway secretions has not been well characterized. In this work we develop a(More)
BACKGROUND Newborn resuscitation with 100% oxygen is associated with oxidative-nitrative stresses and inflammation. The mechanisms are unclear. Hyaluronan (HA) is fragmented to low molecular weight (LMW) by oxidative-nitrative stresses and can promote inflammation. We examined the effects of 100% oxygen resuscitation and treatment with the antioxidant,(More)
Most cases of cystic fibrosis (CF) are caused by the deletion of a single phenylalanine residue at position 508 of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR). The mutant F508del-CFTR is retained in the endoplasmic reticulum and degraded, but can be induced by low temperature incubation (29°C) to traffic to the plasma membrane where it(More)
Most cystic fibrosis is caused by mutations in CFTR that prevent its trafficking from the ER to the plasma membrane and is associated with exaggerated inflammation, altered metabolism, and diminished responses to oxidative stress. PARP-1 is activated by oxidative stress and causes energy depletion and cell dysfunction. Inhibition of this enzyme protects(More)