Learn More
The cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) channel interacts with scaffolding and other proteins that are expected to restrict its lateral movement, yet previous studies have reported predominantly free diffusion. We examined the lateral mobility of CFTR channels on live baby hamster kidney cells using three complementary methods.(More)
The hormonal form of vitamin D(3), 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (1,25(OH)(2)D(3)), is an immune system modulator and induces expression of the TLR coreceptor CD14. 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) signals through the vitamin D receptor, a ligand-stimulated transcription factor that recognizes specific DNA sequences called vitamin D response elements. In this study, we show(More)
Chronic ulcerative colitis (UC) patients frequently require iron supplementation to remedy anemia due to blood loss. However, the effect of iron supplementation on UC-associated carcinogenesis is unknown. In this study, the effect of an iron-enriched diet on dextran sulfate sodium-induced acute and chronic colitis in mice was assessed. In a short-term(More)
Ulcerative colitis (UC) patients frequently require iron supplementation to remedy anemia. The impact of systemic iron supplementation (intraperitoneal injection) on UC-associated carcinogenesis was assessed in mice subjected to cyclic dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) treatment and compared with dietary iron enrichment. Systemic iron supplementation, but not a(More)
Most cases of cystic fibrosis (CF) are attributable to the F508del allele of CFTR, which causes the protein to be retained in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and subsequently degraded. One strategy for CF therapy is to identify corrector compounds that help traffic F508del-CFTR to the cell surface. Pharmacological chaperones, or correctors that bind(More)
BACKGROUND Xanthomonas campestris pathovar campestris (Xcc) is the causal agent of black rot disease of crucifers worldwide. The molecular genetic diversity and host specificity of Xcc are poorly understood. RESULTS We constructed a microarray based on the complete genome sequence of Xcc strain 8004 and investigated the genetic diversity and host(More)
We generated a novel mouse model of spinal cord injury (SCI) by hemisection of the right L1 lumbar spinal cord, measured the permeability of the blood-spinal cord barrier (BSCB), and tested the hypothesis that tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha) penetrates the injured BSCB by an enhanced transport system. SCI produced stereotypical sensorimotor deficits(More)
Leptin is a multifunctional hormone produced by the ob gene and is secreted by adipocytes that regulate food intake and energy metabolism. Numerous studies demonstrated that leptin is a novel neuroprotective effector, however, the mechanisms are largely unknown. Herein, we demonstrate the protective activities of leptin after ischemic stroke and provide the(More)
Mucinous nonneoplastic cyst of the pancreas is a newly described and rare cystic lesion with unknown histogenesis. It is defined as a cystic lesion lined with mucinous epithelium, supported by hypocellular stroma and not communicating with the pancreatic ducts. It is very challenging to differentiate this lesion from other cystic mucinous neoplasms of the(More)
Many plant polyphenolic compounds have been shown to have cancer-preventing activities in laboratory studies. For example, tea and tea preparations have been shown to inhibit tumorigenesis in a variety of animal models of carcinogenesis, involving organ sites such as the skin, lungs, oral cavity, esophagus, stomach, liver, pancreas, small intestine, colon,(More)