Jie-Ke Cheng

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A novel microchip capillary electrophoresis system with electrochemical detection, using the replaceable microelectrode, is first reported. This kind of electrode can be fabricated in general laboratories and can be replaced quickly with electrodes of different materials according to the requirements of experiments. The end-column electrochemical detection(More)
Communication between cells by release of specific chemical messengers via exocytosis plays crucial roles in biological process. Electrochemical detection based on ultramicroelectrodes (UMEs) has become one of the most powerful techniques in real-time monitoring of an extremely small number of released molecules during very short time scales, owing to its(More)
A novel microfluidic device has been developed for on-chip transport, location, and quantal release monitoring of single cells. The microfluidic device consists of a plate of PDMS containing channels for introducing cells and stimulants and a glass substrate into which a cell micro-chamber was etched. The two tightly reversibly sealed plates can be(More)
Cells are the fundamental unit of life, and studies on cell contribute to reveal the mystery of life. However, since variability exists between individual cells even in the same kind of cells, increased emphasis has been put on the analysis of individual cells for getting better understanding on the organism functions. During the past two decades, various(More)
Microelectrode voltammetry has been considered to be a powerful technique for single biological cell analysis and brain research. In this paper, we have developed a simple method to get highly sensitive carbon fiber nanoelectrodes (CFNE) modified by single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) on the basis of our previous work. The electrochemical behavior of(More)
Capillary electrophoresis techniques offer high plate numbers and are highly suited for the efficient separations of a wide variety of chemical components in diverse matrices. Because of the small capillary and detection cell dimensions, together with the minute volumes of samples to be injected, sensitive detection schemes based on different(More)
Carbon fiber nanoelectrodes (tip diameter = ca. 100 nm) have been first used to monitor real-time dopamine release from single living vesicles of single rat pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells. The experiments show that active and inactive release sites exist on the surface of cells, and the spatial distributions have been differentiated even in the same active(More)
A method of on-line chemiluminescence detection with capillary electrophoresis for biogenic amines (diaminopropane, putrescine, cadaverine and diaminohexane) labeled with N-(4-aminobutyl)-N-ethylisoluminol is reported for the first time. Two separation modes, capillary zone electrophoresis and micellar electrokinetic chromatography (MEKC), were studied. The(More)
The growing awareness of the strong development of the toxicity of heavy metals upon their chemical forms has led to an increasing interest in the qualitative and quantitative determination of specific metal species. Speciation has therefore become an important topic of present-day analytical research. The development in the elemental speciation analysis by(More)
A capillary electrophoretic immunoassay with chemiluminescence detection (CEIA-CL) using a non-competitive format for analyzing tumor marker alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) has been developed. In this method, antigen (Ag) AFP reacts with an excess amount of horseradish peroxidase (HRP)-labeled antibody (Ab*). The free Ab* and the bound Ab*-Ag complex produced in(More)