Learn More
Control genes, which are often referred to as housekeeping genes, are frequently used to normalise mRNA levels between different samples. However, the expression level of these genes may vary among tissues or cells and may change under certain circumstances. Thus, the selection of housekeeping genes is critical for gene expression studies. To address this(More)
Expanded hexanucleotide repeats in the chromosome 9 open reading frame 72 (C9orf72) gene are the most common genetic cause of ALS and frontotemporal degeneration (FTD). Here, we identify nuclear RNA foci containing the hexanucleotide expansion (GGGGCC) in patient cells, including white blood cells, fibroblasts, glia, and multiple neuronal cell types (spinal(More)
Crosstalk between the oestrogen receptor (ER) and ERBB2/HER-2 pathways has long been implicated in breast cancer aetiology and drug response, yet no direct connection at a transcriptional level has been shown. Here we show that oestrogen-ER and tamoxifen-ER complexes directly repress ERBB2 transcription by means of a cis-regulatory element within the ERBB2(More)
PURPOSE Ion channel activity is involved in several basic cellular behaviors that are integral to metastasis (e.g., proliferation, motility, secretion, and invasion), although their contribution to cancer progression has largely been ignored. The purpose of this study was to investigate voltage-gated Na(+) channel (VGSC) expression and its possible role in(More)
Recent genome-wide association studies showed that four single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DP (rs3077 and rs9277535) and HLA-DQ (rs2856718 and rs7453920) were associated with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in Japanese populations. More than 75% of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients are attributable to(More)
Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) transporter subtype 1 (GAT1), which transports extracellular GABA into presynaptic neurons, plays an important regulatory role in the function of GABAergic systems. However, the contributions of the GAT1 in regulating mental status are not fully understood. In this paper, we observed the behavioral alterations of GAT1 knockout(More)
Oestrogen receptor-alpha (ERalpha) is an important prognostic marker in breast cancer and endocrine therapies are designed to inhibit or prevent ERalpha activity. In vitro studies have indicated that phosphorylation of ERalpha, in particular on serine 118 (S118), can result in activation in a ligand-independent manner, thereby potentially contributing to(More)
A quantitative trait locus (QTL) controlling HbF levels has previously been mapped to chromosome 6q23 in an Asian-Indian kindred with beta thalassemia and heterocellular hereditary persistence of fetal hemoglobin (HPFH). Five protein-coding genes, ALDH8A1, HBS1L, cMYB, AHI1, and PDE7B reside in this 1.5-megabase (Mb) candidate interval of 6q23. To direct(More)