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Andrographis paniculata (Burm. F) Nees, generally known as "king of bitters," is an herbaceous plant in the family Acanthaceae. In China, India, Thailand, and Malaysia, this plant has been widely used for treating sore throat, flu, and upper respiratory tract infections. Andrographolide, a major bioactive chemical constituent of the plant, has shown(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Inflammation has been implicated in the initiation and progression of thyroid cancer. Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is a simple index of systemic inflammatory response, and has been shown to be a prognostic indicator in some types of cancer. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between NLR and(More)
BACKGROUND Somatic BRAF mutation is frequently observed in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). Recent evidence suggests that PTCs are heterogeneous tumors containing a subclonal or oligoclonal occurrence of BRAF mutation. Conflicting results have been reported concerning the prognostic significance of the mutant allele frequency. Our present aim was to(More)
BACKGROUND Preoperative detection of vocal cord palsy is important in thyroid and parathyroid surgery. However, routine fiberoptic laryngoscopy may bring patients unnecessary discomfort. The aim of this study was to determine the feasibility of using surgeon-performed ultrasonography (US) as a screening tool for preoperative assessment of vocal cord(More)
We investigated the time it took to develop fatty liver and changes in serum aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase levels in patients with breast cancer treated with adjuvant tamoxifen. Liver sonography to detect fatty liver and measurement of serum aspartate and alanine aminotransferase levels were performed regularly for patients with(More)
Andrographolide is a novel NF-κB inhibitor from the leaves of Andrographis paniculata. Platelet activation is relevant to a variety of thrombotic diseases. However, no data are available concerning the effects of andrographolide in platelet activation. The aim of this study was to examine the mechanisms of andrographolide in preventing platelet activation.(More)
Thrombin activates platelets mainly through protease-activated receptor (PAR)1 and PAR4. However, downstream platelet signaling between PAR1 and PAR4 is not yet well understood. This study investigated the relationship between nSMase/ceramide and the NF-κB signaling pathway in PARs-mediated human platelet activation. The LC-MS/MS, aggregometry, flow(More)
Human intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration often initiated from the human nucleus pulposus (hNP) with aging leading to IVD destruction and extracellular matrix (ECM) depletion. Previously, we have successfully employed transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) to promote chondrogenesis of mesenchymal progenitor cells (MPCs) and immortalized human(More)
BACKGROUND Aluminum overload and accumulation in tissues may lead to skeletal, hematological, and neurological toxicity. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of serum aluminum levels on presentations, postoperative recovery, and symptom improvement in patients undergoing parathyroidectomy for secondary hyperparathyroidism. METHODS From 2008 to(More)
The incidence of thyroid cancer has remarkably increased in recent years. Epidemiologic data suggest that obesity is associated with an increased incidence of several types of malignancies, including thyroid cancer. Leptin, an adipocyte-derived cytokine, has been shown to be involved in cancer development and progression. We previously demonstrated that(More)