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AIMS We investigated the relationship between serum leptin concentrations and polymorphism of the leptin receptor gene and breast cancer. METHODS Serum leptin concentrations were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in 47 women with invasive breast cancer compared with 41 age-matched controls without cancer. Genomic DNA was extracted from(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Inflammation has been implicated in the initiation and progression of thyroid cancer. Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is a simple index of systemic inflammatory response, and has been shown to be a prognostic indicator in some types of cancer. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between NLR and(More)
Human intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration often initiated from the human nucleus pulposus (hNP) with aging leading to IVD destruction and extracellular matrix (ECM) depletion. Previously, we have successfully employed transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) to promote chondrogenesis of mesenchymal progenitor cells (MPCs) and immortalized human(More)
Andrographis paniculata (Burm. F) Nees, generally known as "king of bitters," is an herbaceous plant in the family Acanthaceae. In China, India, Thailand, and Malaysia, this plant has been widely used for treating sore throat, flu, and upper respiratory tract infections. Andrographolide, a major bioactive chemical constituent of the plant, has shown(More)
Preoperative detection of vocal cord palsy is important in thyroid and parathyroid surgery. However, routine fiberoptic laryngoscopy may bring patients unnecessary discomfort. The aim of this study was to determine the feasibility of using surgeon-performed ultrasonography (US) as a screening tool for preoperative assessment of vocal cord movement. In the(More)
2,2,5,7,8-Pentamethyl-6-hydroxychromane (PMC) is the most potent analogue of alpha-tocopherol for anti-oxidation. It is more hydrophilic than other alpha-tocopherol derivatives and has potent free radical-scavenging activity. In the present study, PMC significantly attenuated middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO)-induced focal cerebral ischemia in rats.(More)
BACKGROUND Sorafenib, a multi-kinase inhibitor approved for treatment of advanced renal cell carcinoma and other malignancies, has been shown as a modulator for dendritic cells. This study was designed to examine the effects of sorafenib on macrophages, the major ontogeny of innate immunity. MATERIALS AND METHODS Macrophages were derived from sorted(More)
AIM OF THIS STUDY The Xue-Fu-Zhu-Yu decoction (XFZYD) is a well-known traditional Chinese medicine for treating cardiovascular diseases. The therapeutic effects of this XFZYD have been well documented especially in treating of atherosclerosis and hyperlipidemia. Since this decoction can induce endothelial progenitor cell angiogenesis, it can provide(More)
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy in elderly patients has been linked to higher complication rates and longer lengths of stay. The purpose of this study was to identify risk factors associated with prolonged postoperative hospitalization in elderly patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The records of 287 patients aged 65 years or older, who underwent(More)
BACKGROUND The parathyroidectomy assessment of symptoms (PAS) score was designed initially for primary hyperparathyroidism to provide a specific symptom assessment and was validated later in secondary and tertiary hyperparathyroidism. The aim of our study was to evaluate changes in the PAS scores and quality of life before and after parathyroidectomy for(More)