Jie-Jen Lee

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Andrographis paniculata (Burm. F) Nees, generally known as "king of bitters," is an herbaceous plant in the family Acanthaceae. In China, India, Thailand, and Malaysia, this plant has been widely used for treating sore throat, flu, and upper respiratory tract infections. Andrographolide, a major bioactive chemical constituent of the plant, has shown(More)
Microglia activated in response to brain injury release neurotoxic factors including nitric oxide (NO) and proinflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta). Ketamine, an anesthetic induction agent, is generally reserved for use in patients with severe hypotension or respiratory depression. In this(More)
Obesity is associated with a higher incidence of thyroid cancer. Adiponectin is one of the most abundant adipokines with a pleiotropic role in metabolism and in the development and progression of cancer. It has been shown that circulating adiponectin level is inversely associated with the risk of thyroid cancer. This study aimed to investigate the possible(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS High levels of parathyroid hormone (PTH) appear to be associated with an increased mortality. Previous studies concerning the relationship of inflammatory markers with hyperparathyroidism have yielded inconsistent results. This study investigated whether serum PTH concentrations were independently associated with several inflammatory(More)
Hyperglycaemia, a characteristic feature of diabetes mellitus, induces endothelial dysfunction and vascular complications by limiting the proliferative potential of these cells. Here we aimed to investigate the effect of an ethanolic extract of Sanguis draconis (SD), a kind of dragon's blood resin that is obtained from Daemonorops draco (Palmae), on human(More)
BACKGROUND 3-Hydroxy-3-methyl-glutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors (statins) have been widely used to reduce cardiovascular risk. These statins (i.e., simvastatin) may exert other effects besides from their cholesterol-lowering actions, including inhibition of platelet activation. Platelet activation is relevant to a variety of coronary heart(More)
In this study, the neuroprotective effect of an extract of Antrodia camphorata (A. camphorata), a fungus commonly used in Chinese folk medicine for treatment of viral hepatitis and cancer, alone or in combination with aspirin was investigated in a rat embolic stroke model. An ischemic stroke was induced in rats by a selective occlusion of the middle(More)
Stevioside is a dietary supplement widely used as a sweetener to prevent hyperglycemic disorders. However, the action mechanisms of this substance for glucose homeostasis remain obscure. In the present study, a dose-related plasma glucose reduction was observed in Wistar rats receiving intraperitoneally injections of stevioside. Similar to the regulation of(More)
A 66-year-old man initially underwent appendectomy and cytoreductive surgery for a low-grade appendiceal mucinous neoplasm with pseudomyxoma peritonei. One and a half years later, multiple disseminated lesions developed in rectus abdominis muscle and peritoneal cavity. Biopsy showed histopathological transformation to sarcomatoid carcinoma. This case(More)
A number of studies have investigated the effects of surgery on symptoms and quality of life in patients with hyperparathyroidism. However, the results are inconsistent. We conducted this meta-analysis to quantitatively assess changes in quality of life among patients with asymptomatic primary hyperparathyroidism. Different databases were searched for(More)