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We aim to investigate the preventive and therapeutic effects of ghrelin on a rat NAFLD model and possible underlying mechanism. Sprague-Dawley rats were fed with high-fat diet for 8 weeks to induce NAFLD. A group of rats were also treated with ghrelin throughout the NAFLD induction. After 8 weeks, rats were sacrificed for liver injury measurements. Rats(More)
In this study, we aimed to investigate the therapeutic effects and involved mechanisms of resveratrol on an established non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) murine model. Wild-type and autophagic mediator ULK1 heterozygous knockout mice were induced to have NAFLD by high-fat diet for 8weeks. After that, resveratrol treatment was applied with the(More)
This study has two objectives; first, to develop perfusion conditions that decrease the free energy of ATP hydrolysis, Delta GATP, in isolated hearts; and, second, to modulate the Delta GATP in these perfused hear models. To accomplish the first goal, a series of inhibitors was employed to restrict acetyl-CoA oxidation. The second goal was accomplished by(More)
This study tests the hypothesis that increased levels of plasma lipids can accelerate accumulation of myocardial triacylglycerols in post-ischemic but viable myocardium. Two groups of dogs underwent 90 min of left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) occlusion followed by 240 min of reperfusion. The first group of saline-treated dogs (n = 7) had(More)
Silibinin (SIL) is a well-studied hepato-protective agent against a spectrum of liver diseases. However, the role of SIL in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) induced insulin resistance and underlying signaling is not fully characterized. In this study, Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were fed with high-fat diet to develop NAFLD with or without an SIL(More)
The aim of the current study is to investigate the effects of growth hormone releasing hormone (GHRH) antagonist on acetaminophen (APAP)-induced acute liver injury in mice. Healthy C57/B6L mice were orally treated with 200 mg/kg APAP with or without a 30-min pre-treatment with 300 µg/kg GHRH antagonist MZ-5-156. After 12 hours, serum, plasma, and liver(More)
We conducted a case-control study to investigate the association between interleukin (IL)-10-592C/A, -819C/T and -1082A/G polymorphisms and susceptibility to diabetic nephropathy. A hospital-based case-control study was taken in our study. A total of 172 patients with proven type 2 diabetes mellitus and 344 controls were recruited from the First Affiliated(More)
Type 2 diabetic nephropathy is a major cause of end-stage renal disease. MTHFR plays a vital role in folate metabolism, DNA methylation, and RNA synthesis. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between MTHFR C677T and A1298C genomic polymorphisms and development of type 2 diabetic nephropathy in a Chinese population. A hospital-based(More)
We conducted a case-control study to investigate the association between GSTM1, GSTT1 and GSTP1 IIe105Val polymorphisms and development of gestational diabetes mellitus in a Chinese population. A total of 320 patients with gestational diabetes mellitus and 358 pregnancy subjects were consecutively collected between January 2013 and December 2014. Genotyping(More)
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