Learn More
Metabolomic profiling of obese versus lean humans reveals a branched-chain amino acid (BCAA)-related metabolite signature that is suggestive of increased catabolism of BCAA and correlated with insulin resistance. To test its impact on metabolic homeostasis, we fed rats on high-fat (HF), HF with supplemented BCAA (HF/BCAA), or standard chow (SC) diets.(More)
The structural integrity of mitochondrial cristae is crucial for mitochondrial functions; however, the molecular events controlling the structural integrity and biogenesis of mitochondrial cristae remain to be fully elucidated. Here, we report the functional characterization of a novel mitochondrial protein named CHCM1 (coiled coil helix cristae morphology(More)
Tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) is found in the intravascular space and in the central nervous system. The low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein (LRP) is expressed in neurons and in perivascular astrocytes. During cerebral ischemia, tPA induces the shedding of LRP's extracellular domain from perivascular astrocytes, and this is followed(More)
OBJECTIVE A branched-chain amino acid (BCAA)-related metabolic signature is strongly associated with insulin resistance and predictive of incident diabetes and intervention outcomes. To better understand the role that this metabolite cluster plays in obesity-related metabolic dysfunction, we studied the impact of BCAA restriction in a rodent model of(More)
Lipid infusion or ingestion of a high-fat diet results in insulin resistance, but the mechanism underlying this phenomenon remains unclear. Here we show that, in rats fed a high-fat diet, whole-animal, muscle and liver insulin resistance is ameliorated following hepatic overexpression of malonyl-coenzyme A (CoA) decarboxylase (MCD), an enzyme that affects(More)
Krüppel-like factor 4 (KLF4), a transcription factor, plays a key role in the pluripotency of stem cells. We sought to determine the function of KLF4 in T-cell development and differentiation by using T-cell-specific Klf4-knockout (KO) mice. We found that KLF4 was highly expressed in thymocytes and mature T cells and was rapidly down-regulated in mature T(More)
The low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein (LRP), a member of the low-density lipoprotein receptor gene family, mediates cellular signal transduction pathways. In this study we investigated the role of LRP in cell death. We found that incubation of mouse embryonic fibroblasts in serum-free media induces caspase-3 activation, an effect that is(More)
The release of the serine proteinase tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) from cerebral cortical neurons has a neuroprotective effect in the ischemic brain. Because excitotoxicity is a basic mechanism of ischemia-induced cell death, here we investigated the effect of tPA on excitotoxin-induced neuronal death. We report that genetic overexpression of(More)
Deterioration of functional islet β-cell mass is the final step in progression to Type 2 diabetes. We previously reported that overexpression of Nkx6.1 in rat islets has the dual effects of enhancing glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS) and increasing β-cell replication. Here we show that Nkx6.1 strongly upregulates the prohormone VGF in rat islets(More)
Gray matter volume deficits have been identified in cognitively impaired patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, it remains unknown whether the gray matter volume is altered in COPD patients with subclinical cognitive impairment. To determine whether any gray matter abnormalities are present in these patients, neuropsychological(More)