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The emergence of cloud services brings new possibilities for constructing and using HPC platforms. However, while cloud services provide the flexibility and convenience of customized, pay-as-you-go parallel computing, multiple previous studies in the past three years have indicated that cloud-based clusters need a significant performance boost to become a(More)
Recent studies have found cloud environments increasingly appealing for executing HPC applications, including tightly coupled parallel simulations. While public clouds offer elastic, on-demand resource provisioning and pay-as-you-go pricing, individual users setting up their on-demand virtual clusters may not be able to take full advantage of common(More)
A proper understanding of communication patterns of parallel applications is important to optimize application performance and design better communication subsystems. Communication patterns can be obtained by analyzing communication traces. However, existing approaches to generate communication traces need to execute the entire parallel applications on(More)
For designers of large-scale parallel computers, it is greatly desired that performance of parallel applications can be predicted at the design phase. However, this is difficult because the execution time of parallel applications is determined by several factors, including sequential computation time in each process, communication time and their(More)
It is an important problem to map virtual parallel processes to physical processors (or cores) in an optimized way to get scalable performance due to non-uniform communication cost in modern parallel computers. Existing work uses profile-guided approaches to optimize mapping schemes to minimize the cost of point-to-point communications automatically.(More)
There is a trend to migrate HPC (High Performance Computing) applications to cloud platforms, such as the Amazon EC2 Cluster Compute Instances (CCIs). While existing research has mainly focused on the performance impact of virtualized environments and interconnect technologies on parallel programs, we suggest that the configurability enabled by clouds is(More)
Communication traces are increasingly important, both for parallel applications' performance analysis/optimization, and for designing next-generation HPC systems. Meanwhile, the problem size and the execution scale on supercomputers keep growing, producing prohibitive volume of communication traces. To reduce the size of communication traces, existing(More)
The cloud has become a promising alternative to traditional HPC centers or in-house clusters. This new environment highlights the I/O bottleneck problem, typically with top-of-the-line compute instances but sub-par communication and I/O facilities. It has been observed that changing cloud I/O system configurations leads to significant variation in the(More)
Message passing interface (MPI) is the de facto standard in writing parallel scientific applications on distributed memory systems. Performance prediction of MPI programs on current or future parallel systems can help to find system bottleneck or optimize programs. To effectively analyze and predict performance of a large and complex MPI program, an(More)