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The hexadentate triscatecholamide bacillibactin delivers iron to Bacillus subtilis and is structurally similar to enterobactin, although in a more oblate conformation. B. subtilis uses two partially overlapping permeases (1 and 2) to acquire iron from its endogenous siderophores (bacillibactin and itoic acid). Enterobactin and bacillibactin have opposite(More)
Iron is required for virulence of most bacterial pathogens, many of which rely on siderophores, small-molecule chelators, to scavenge iron in mammalian hosts. As an immune response, the human protein Siderocalin binds both apo and ferric siderophores in order to intercept delivery of iron to the bacterium, impeding virulence. The introduction of steric(More)
The first single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis of a hydroxypyridonate plutonium(IV) complex is presented, that of the tetradentate ligand 5LIO(Me-3,2-HOPO) with Pu(IV). The [Pu(IV){5LIO(Me-3,2-HOPO)}(2)] complex crystallizes in the space group Pna2(1) with the asymmetric unit cell containing two unique eight-coordinate plutonium complexes and one(More)
For decades, desferrioxamine B (Desferal) has been the therapeutic iron chelator of choice for iron-overload treatment, despite numerous problems associated with its use. Consequently, there is a continuous search for new iron chelating agents with improved properties, particularly oral activity. We have studied new potential therapeutic iron sequestering(More)
The coordination chemistry of actinide(IV) ions with hydroxypyridinone ligands has been initially explored by examining the complexation of Th(IV) ion with bidentate PR-1,2-HOPO (HL(1)()), PR-Me-3,2-HOPO (HL(2)()), and PR-3,4-HOPO-N (HL(3)()) ligands. The complexes Th(L(1)())(4), Th(L(2)())(4), and Th(L(3)())(4) were prepared in methanol solution from(More)
Lanthanides are attractive as biolabels because their long luminescence decay rates allow time-gated detection, which separates background scattering and fluorescence from the lanthanide emission. A stable and highly luminescent terbium complex based on a tetraisophthalamide (TIAM) chelate is paired with a polyaromatic-azo dark quencher (referred to as a(More)
Campylobacter jejuni NCTC11168 does not produce any endogenous siderophores of its own yet requires the CfrA enterobactin transporter for in vivo colonization. In addition, the genome of C. jejuni NCTC11168 contains three distinct TonB energy transduction systems, named TonB1, TonB2, and TonB3, that have not been tested for their role in siderophore uptake(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the age specific sleep time among children 1 month to 5 years of age in Shanghai, China, and to identify the related factors. METHODS A questionnaire survey was conducted among the parents of 3 266 children 1 month to 5 years of age, randomly selected in five urban districts of Shanghai in August and September of 1999 and 2000, with a(More)
The synthesis, structure, and characterization of a new class of luminescent agents based on the 1,2-hydroxypyridinone chelator are reported. The prototype complex, [Eu(5LIO-1,2-HOPO)2]-, demonstrates superb aqueous stability [pEu = 18.64(10)] and is highly emissive [Phit = 0.21(3)], emitting almost pure "red" light (lambdaem = 612 nm). The crystal(More)