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Neurodegenerative brain disorders such as Alzheimer's disease have been well investigated. However, significant methods for the treatment of the promotion and progression of Alzheimer's disease are unavailable to date. Apoptosis is a crucial pathway in neuronal loss in Alzheimer's disease patients. Thus, the suppression of apoptosis may be an effective(More)
Epidemiological data have indicated that estrogen replacement therapy (ERT) can decrease the risk of developing Alzheimer's disease (AD). Phytoestrogens have been proposed as potential alternatives to ERT. The aim of the present study was to assess the neuroprotective effects of puerarin, a phytoestrogen isolated from Pueraria lobata, against the toxicity(More)
Elevated levels of beta-amyloid (Abeta) in the brains being a hallmark of Alzheimer's disease (AD) have been believed to play a critical role in the cognitive dysfunction that occurs in AD. Recent evidence suggests that Abeta induces neuronal apoptosis in the brain and in primary neuronal cultures. In this study, we investigated the effects of beta-asarone,(More)
Neurodegenerative disorders, such as Alzheimer's disease (AD), is associated with the loss of neuronal cells, and it has been suggested that apoptosis is a crucial pathway in neuronal loss in AD patients. Recent evidence suggests that amyloid beta peptide (Abeta) induces neuronal apoptosis in the brain and in primary neuronal cultures. In this study, we(More)
Apoptosis is a widely accepted component of the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD), a debilitating neurodegenerative disorder characterized by loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra. In this study, we investigated the neuroprotective effects of puerarin and possible mechanisms by which puerarin acts against MPP(+)-induced toxicity in rat(More)
Elevated levels of β-amyloid (Aβ) in the brains being a hallmark of Alzheimer's disease have been believed to play a critical role in the cognitive dysfunction that occurs in Alzheimer's disease. Recent evidence suggests that Aβ induces neuronal apoptosis in the brain and in primary neuronal cultures. In this study, we investigated the effects of puerarin,(More)
In this study, saponins (ARS) extracted from the rhizoma of Anemone raddeana were evaluated for their haemolytic activities and its potential ability as adjuvant on the cellular and humoral immune responses of ICR mice against ovalbumin. The haemolytic activity of ARS was determined using 0.5% rabbit red blood cell. ARS showed a slight haemolytic effect,(More)
The water-soluble polysaccharide (POP), with a molecular mass of 2.4x10(4)Da, was obtained from the fruiting body of Pleurotus ostreatus. Structure features of the purified polysaccharide were investigated by a combination of chemical and instrumental analysis, such as methylation analysis, Smith degradation, GC-MS, (13)C and (1)H NMR and FTIR. The results(More)
The water-soluble polysaccharide (AMP), with a molecular mass of 7.8x10(3)Da as determined by high-performance size-exclusion chromatography (HPSEC), was obtained from the fruiting body of Armillaria mellea. Methylation, Smith degradation, acetolysis, (1)H and (13)C NMR spectroscopy and acid hydrolysis studies were conducted to elucidate its structure. The(More)
In this study, the saponins (JGS) extracted from the rhizoma of Japanese ginseng were evaluated for their haemolytic activities and their potential ability as adjuvants on the immune responses to ovalbumin (OVA) in mice. The haemolytic activity of JGS was determined using 0.5% rabbit red blood cell, with its HD(50) value being 177.78+/-6.77microg/mL. ICR(More)