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OBJECTIVE Activation of the receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) in diabetic vasculature is considered to be a key mediator of atherogenesis. This study examines the effects of deletion of RAGE on the development of atherosclerosis in the diabetic apoE(-/-) model of accelerated atherosclerosis. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS ApoE(-/-) and(More)
OBJECTIVE/RATIONALE Both the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) and the receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) potentiate diabetes-associated atherosclerosis (DAA). We assessed the effectiveness of concomitant RAS and RAGE inhibition on DAA. METHODS Diabetic (5 × 55 mg/kg streptozotocin daily) and non-diabetic male RAGE/apolipoprotein E double(More)
Cell division autoantigen 1 (CDA1) enhances TGF-β signaling in renal and vascular cells, and renal expression of CDA1 is elevated in animal models of diabetes. In this study, we investigated the genetic deletion of Tspyl2, the gene encoding CDA1, in C57BL6 and ApoE knockout mice. The increased renal expression of TGF-β1, TGF-β type I and II receptors, and(More)
BACKGROUND Stem cell (SC) administration is a potential therapeutic strategy to improve blood supply in patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD). The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to investigate the efficacy of extraembryonic tissue-derived SC (ETSC) in improving blood flow within animal models of hindlimb ischaemia (HLI). (More)
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a common age-related vascular disease characterized by progressive weakening and dilatation of the aortic wall. Thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1; gene Thbs1) is a member of the matricellular protein family important in the control of extracellular matrix (ECM) remodelling. In the present study, the association of serum TSP-1(More)
OBJECTIVE Sclerostin (SOST) has been identified as an important regulator of bone formation; however, it has not been previously implicated in arterial disease. The aim of this study was to assess the role of SOST in aortic aneurysm (AA) and atherosclerosis using human samples, a mouse model, and in vitro investigations. APPROACH AND RESULTS SOST protein(More)
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a vascular condition that causes permanent dilation of the abdominal aorta, which can lead to death due to aortic rupture. The only treatment for AAA is surgical repair, and there is no current drug treatment for AAA. Aortic inflammation, vascular smooth muscle cell apoptosis, angiogenesis, oxidative stress and vascular(More)
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