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Terahertz (THz) imaging provides cutting edge technique in biology, medical sciences and non-destructive evaluation. However, due to the long wavelength of the THz wave, the obtained resolution of THz imaging is normally a few hundred microns and is much lower than that of the traditional optical imaging. We introduce a sub-wavelength resolution THz imaging(More)
In this work, we experimentally demonstrate a 200% enhancement of terahertz (THz) wave amplitude generated by femtosecond laser filamentation in air. The experimental setup simply uses a semicircular phase plate to generate two parallel filaments. Temporally overlapped THz pulses from two filaments coherently add up, giving rise to significant enhancement(More)
In this paper, superluminal propagation of terahertz (THz) pulse has been observed by investigating the THz waveform emitted from different length of filaments. Further numerical simulation has implied that a THz waveguide-like photonic structure may be formed in air, leading to the superluminal propagation of the THz pulse. The underlying physical(More)
Femtosecond laser filament arrays are generated in air by using three kinds of step phase plates with π phase lag, namely, the semicircular phase plate (SCPP), the quarter-circle phase plate (QCPP) and eight-octant phase plate (EOPP). Experimental results and simulations show that filament arrays consisting of two, four and eight filaments, respectively,(More)
Measurement of laser intensity inside a femtosecond laser filament is a challenging task. In this work, we suggest a simple way to characterize laser peak intensity inside the filament in air. It is based on the signal ratio measurement of two nitrogen fluorescence lines, namely, 391 nm and 337 nm. Because of distinct excitation mechanisms, the signals of(More)
The longitudinal distribution of the laser peak intensity inside a half meter long femtosecond laser filament in air is studied by measuring the signal ratio of two nitrogen fluorescence lines, 391 nm and 337 nm. The experimental results reveal that laser peak intensity initially remains almost constant (~4.3 × 10(13) W/cm2) inside the filament. However,(More)
A low-loss hollow core terahertz waveguide based on Kagome photonic crystal structure has been designed and fabricated by 3D printing. The 3D printed waveguide has been characterized by using THz time-domain spectroscopy. The results demonstrate that the obtained waveguide features average power propagation loss of 0.02 cm<sup>-1</sup> for 0.2-1.0 THz (the(More)
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