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Several randomized trials have demonstrated non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with activating epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations can achieve favorable clinical outcomes on treatment with EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). EGFR mutation is considered as a predictive marker for efficacy of EGFR-TKIs in NSCLC. Here we show(More)
BACKGROUND Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation and anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) rearrangement may predict the outcome of targeted drug therapy and also are associated with the efficacy of chemotherapy in patients with nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The authors of this report investigated the relation of EGFR mutation or ALK(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Continuous EGFR-TKI treatment beyond progression has shown promising benefit for some patients with acquired resistance to EGFR-TKIs. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of secondary T790M mutation at the time of progression with the efficacy of EGFR-TKI treatment beyond progression. METHODS From March 2011 to(More)
Obesity is an increasing health problem associated with major adverse consequences for human health. MicroRNAs (miRNAs), small endogenous non-coding RNAs, regulate the expression of genes that play roles in human body via posttranscriptional inhibition. To identify the miRNAs and their target genes involved in obesity, we downloaded the miRNA and gene(More)
It has been suggested that the aggregation and cytotoxicity of amyloid-β (Aβ) peptide with transition-metal ions in neuronal cells is involved in the development and progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD). As the most abundant protein in blood plasma and in cerebrospinal fluid, human serum albumin (HSA) can bind Aβ in vivo and subsequently inhibit Aβ(More)
Many studies reported that oxidative and nitrative stress might be important in the pathogenesis of diabetes and the development of its complications. In this study, we showed that α-enolase (EC 4.2.1.11, 2-phospho-d-glycerate hydrolase) was identified as the important target for oxidative and nitrative modifications in diabetic hepatic proteins. After 6(More)
The aim of this study was to explore the role of long non-coding RNA UCA1 (urothelial cancer-associated 1) in acquired resistance to epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) in EGFR-mutant non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In our study, UCA1 expression was significantly increased in lung cancer cells and patients with(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Cisplatin is the major agent in the standard first-line chemotherapy for NSCLC. However, only a small portion of patients achieve a tumor response to cisplatin-based chemotherapy and eventually develop acquired resistance. The aim of this study was to identify potential biomarkers that could predict the efficacy of cisplatin. (More)
Previous studies have revealed that EGFR mutation and/or EML4–ALK gene fusion rate was higher in the non-smoker Asian females with pulmonary adenocarcinoma. The aim of this study is to determine the distribution of known oncogenic driver mutations in the female non-smoker Asian patients with pulmonary adenocarcinoma. 104 consecutively resected lung(More)
One of the target genes of pemetrexed (PEM), thymi-dylate synthase (TS), has been shown to have a close association with its efficacy. TS gene polymorphisms have been shown to be associated with the efficacy of antifolate treatment in enteron tumors. The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical significance of TS gene polymorphisms in patients(More)