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Vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein (VASP) is a major substrate of protein kinase A (PKA). Here we described the novel mechanism of VASP phosphorylation via cAMP-independent PKA activation. We showed that in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) alpha-thrombin induced phosphorylation of VASP. Specific inhibition of Galpha13 protein by the RGS(More)
Rho GTPases integrate the intracellular signaling in a wide range of cellular processes. Activation of these G proteins is tightly controlled by a number of guanine nucleotide exchange factors (GEFs). In this study, we addressed the functional role of the recently identified p114RhoGEF in in vivo experiments. Activation of endogenous G protein-coupled(More)
Microtubule (MT) destabilization promotes the formation of actin stress fibers and enhances the contractility of cells; however, the mechanism involved in the coordinated regulation of MTs and the actin cytoskeleton is poorly understood. LIM kinase 1 (LIMK1) regulates actin polymerization by phosphorylating the actin depolymerization factor, cofilin. Here(More)
Rho family GTPases have been implicated in the regulation of endothelial permeability via their actions on actin cytoskeletal organization and integrity of interendothelial junctions. In cell culture studies, activation of RhoA disrupts interendothelial junctions and increases endothelial permeability, whereas activation of Rac1 and Cdc42 enhances(More)
Endothelin-1 (ET1) and ATP stimulate contraction and hypertrophy of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) by activating diverse signalling pathways. In this study, we show that in VSMC, ET1 and ATP stimulate transient and sustained activation of protein kinase A (PKA), respectively. Using a dominant negative PKA mutant (PKA-DN), we examined the functional(More)
BACKGROUND ESR1 mutation has recently emerged as one of the important mechanisms involved in endocrine resistance. The incidence and clinical implication of ESR1 mutation has not been well evaluated in heavily pretreated breast cancer patients. METHODS We conducted a retrospective review of advanced breast cancer patients with tumors who underwent(More)
RGS3 belongs to a family of the regulators of G-protein signalling (RGS), which bind and inhibit the G alpha subunits of heterotrimeric G-proteins via a homologous RGS domain. Increasing evidence suggests that RGS proteins can also interact with targets other than G-proteins. Employing yeast two-hybrid screening of a cDNA library, we identified an(More)
Protease-activated receptor 1 (PAR-1) mediates thrombin signaling in human endothelial cells. As a G-protein-coupled receptor, PAR-1 transmits thrombin signal through activation of the heterotrimeric G proteins, Gi, Gq, and G12/13. In this study, we demonstrated that zyxin, a LIM-domain-containing protein, is involved in thrombin-mediated actin cytoskeleton(More)
Albumin-bound paclitaxel (nab-paclitaxel) is a solvent-free formulation of paclitaxel that was initially developed more than a decade ago to overcome toxicities associated with the solvents used in the formulation of standard paclitaxel and to potentially improve efficacy. Nab-paclitaxel has demonstrated an advantage over solvent-based paclitaxel by being(More)
Heterotrimeric G proteins and protein kinase A (PKA) are two important transmitters that transfer signals from a wide variety of cell surface receptors to generate physiological responses. The established mechanism of PKA activation involves the activation of the Gs-cAMP pathway. Binding of cAMP to the regulatory subunit of PKA (rPKA) leads to a release and(More)