Jiaur Rahman Gayen

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In adipose tissue, muscle, liver and macrophages, signaling by the nuclear receptor peroxisome proliferator–activated receptor-γ (PPAR-γ) is a determinant of insulin sensitivity and this receptor mediates the insulin–sensitizing effects of thiazolidinediones (TZDs). As PPAR-γ is also expressed in neurons, we generated mice with neuron-specific Pparg(More)
BACKGROUND Chromogranin A, coreleased with catecholamines by exocytosis, is cleaved to the catecholamine release-inhibitory fragment catestatin. We identified a natural nonsynonymous variant of catestatin, Gly364Ser, that alters human autonomic function and blood pressure. METHODS AND RESULTS Gly364Ser heterozygotes and controls underwent physiological(More)
We reported previously that chromogranin A (Chga) knockout (KO) mice are hypertensive and hyperadrenergic. Here we sought to determine the basis of such alterations by probing physiological, biochemical, and pharmacological responses to perturbations of the autonomic nervous system. In the conscious state, KO mice had substantially elevated basal high blood(More)
Chromogranin A (CHGA/Chga), a proprotein, widely distributed in endocrine and neuroendocrine tissues (not expressed in muscle, liver, and adipose tissues), generates at least four bioactive peptides. One of those peptides, pancreastatin (PST), has been reported to interfere with insulin action. We generated a Chga knock-out (KO) mouse by the targeted(More)
Chromogranin A (CgA), the major soluble protein in chromaffin granules, is proteolytically processed to generate biologically active peptides including the catecholamine release inhibitory peptide catestatin. Here we sought to determine whether cysteine protease cathepsin L (CTSL), a novel enzyme for proteolytic processing of neuropeptides, acts like the(More)
Streptococcus equi is the causative agent of the highly contagious disease "strangles" in equines and zoonotic meningitis in human. Spreading of infection in host tissues is thought to be facilitated by the bacterial gene encoded extracellular hyaluronate lyase (HL), which degrades hyaluronan (HA), chondroitin 6-sulfate, and dermatan sulfate of the(More)
BACKGROUND Oxidative stress, an excessive production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) outstripping antioxidant defense mechanisms, occurs in cardiovascular pathologies, including hypertension. In the present study, we used biochemical, physiological, and pharmacological approaches to explore the role of derangements of catecholamines, ROS, and the(More)
RATIONALE The chromogranin A-derived peptide pancreastatin (PST) is a dysglycemic, counter-regulatory peptide for insulin action, especially in liver. Although previous evidence for a PST binding protein has been reported, such a receptor has not been identified or sequenced. METHODS AND RESULTS We used ligand affinity to purify the PST target, with(More)
Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) are combinations of subunits arranged as pentamers encircling a central cation channel. At least nine alpha and four beta subunits are expressed in the central and peripheral nervous systems; their presence in autonomic ganglia, the adrenal medulla, and central nervous system, with accompanying responses elicited(More)
The plasma level of chromogranin A (CgA) is elevated in genetic hypertension. Conversely, the plasma level of the CgA peptide catestatin is diminished in individuals with established hypertension and those with a genetic risk of this disease. Resequencing of the human CHGA gene identified three naturally occurring variants of catestatin (Gly364Ser,(More)