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Individuals with gallbladder carcinoma (GBC), the most aggressive malignancy of the biliary tract, have a poor prognosis. Here we report the identification of somatic mutations for GBC in 57 tumor-normal pairs through a combination of exome sequencing and ultra-deep sequencing of cancer-related genes. The mutation pattern is defined by a dominant prevalence(More)
Gallbladder cancer is the most frequent malignancy of the bile duct with high aggressive and extremely poor prognosis. The main objective of the paper was to investigate the inhibitory effects of oridonin, a diterpenoid isolated from Rabdosia rubescens, on gallbladder cancer both in vitro and in vivo and to explore the mechanisms underlying oridonin-induced(More)
Gallbladder cancer (GBC) is one of the most lethal neoplasm and is the fifth most common malignancy of gastrointestinal tract. The prognosis of gallbladder cancer is extremely terrible partially due to metastasis. Thus, understanding the molecular pathways controlling metastasis of this lethal disease may provide new targets for targeted therapeutic(More)
Hepatoma-derived growth factor (HDGF), a heparin-binding growth factor, has a wide range of biological functions, including mitogenic activity and vascular development. Recent studies demonstrated that HDGF also acted as an oncogene with aberrantly increased activity in multiple human cancers; however, little is known about the biological function of HDGF(More)
Gallbladder cancer (GBC) is one of the lethal diseases of digestive system. Increasing evidence prompt that microRNAs (miRs) might provide a novel therapeutical target for malignant disease. The antitumor effect of miR-122 to GBC is worth to be investigated. miR-122 expression level in GBC tissue sample and cell lines were assayed by qRT-PCR. miR-122 mimics(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE A traditional Chinese medicine Scutellaria baicalensis is prescribed for the treatment of a variety of inflammatory diseases and tumors in clinic in China. However, the detailed mechanism of anti-metastasis effect of wogonin, a main active ingredient of Scutellaria baicalensis, remains elusive. AIM OF THE STUDY The present(More)
200031, China Department of General Surgery, Xinhua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200092, China Institute of Biliary Tract Disease, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200092, China Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, The Sixth Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University,(More)
To compare the safety and effectiveness of primary closure with those of T-tube drainage in laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (LCBDE) for choledocholithiasis. A comprehensive search was performed in the PubMed, EmBase, and Cochrane Library databases. Only randomized controlled trials comparing primary closure with T-tube drainage in LCBDE were(More)
p21-activated kinase (PAK)7 (also known as PAK5) is a member of the group B PAK family of serine/threonine protein kinases, which are effectors of the small GTPases Rac and CDC42. PAK7 can promote neurite outgrowth, induce microtubule stabilization, and activate cell survival signaling pathways. However, the role of PAK7 in cancer is still poorly(More)
Gallbladder carcinoma (GBC) is one of the mostly aggressive and fatal malignancies. However, little is known about the oncogenic genes that contributed to the development of GBC. Zinc finger X-chromosomal protein (ZFX) was a novel member of the Krueppel C2H2-type zinc-finger protein family and its down-regulation led to impaired cell growth in human(More)