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The genome is burdened with repetitive sequences that are generally embedded in silenced chromatin. We have previously demonstrated that Lsh (lymphoid-specific helicase) is crucial for the control of heterochromatin at pericentromeric regions consisting of satellite repeats. In this study, we searched for additional genomic targets of Lsh by examining the(More)
AIMS Metallothionein 2A (MT2A) and nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-κB) are both involved in carcinogenesis and cancer chemosensitivity. We previously showed decreased expression of MT2A and IκB-α in human gastric cancer (GC) associated with poor prognosis of GC patients. The present study investigated the effect of diallyl trisulfide (DATS), a garlic-derived(More)
Multiple myeloma (MM) remains largely incurable despite conventional and high-dose therapies. Therefore, novel biologically based treatment approaches are urgently required. Here we demonstrate that expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) in MM cells and its agonists 15-d-PGJ2 and troglitazone completely abolished(More)
DNA methylation is critical for normal development and plays important roles in genome organization and transcriptional regulation. Although DNA methyltransferases have been identified, the factors that establish and contribute to genome-wide methylation patterns remain elusive. Here, we report a high-resolution cytosine methylation map of the murine genome(More)
The requirement for cytokines in hematopoiesis is partly attributable to the protection of cells from apoptosis. Since IL-7 is required for normal T cell development, we evaluated the role of Bax in vivo by generating mice deficient in both Bax and the IL-7 receptor alpha chain (IL-7R). Starting at birth, we observed complete recovery of all stages of(More)
TNF is a pleiotropic cytokine with intriguing biphasic pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory effects. Our previous studies demonstrated that TNF up-regulated FoxP3 expression and activated and expanded CD4+ FoxP3+ regulatory T cells (Tregs) via TNFR2. Furthermore, TNFR2-expressing Tregs exhibited maximal suppressive activity. In this study, we show that(More)
Metallothionein 2A (MT2A) as a stress protein, plays a protective role in gastric mucosal barrier. Its role in the development of gastric cancer (GC) is unclear. The mechanism of MT2A will be investigated in gastric tumorigenesis. MT2A expression was detected in 973 gastric specimens. The biological function was determined through ectopic expressing MT2A in(More)
B7-H4 is an immunoglobulin superfamily molecule and shown to be inhibitory for T-cell responses. To explore physiologic roles of B7-H4, we created B7-H4-deficient (KO) mice by genetic targeting. B7-H4KO mice are healthy and their T- and B-cell responses to polyclonal antigens are in normal range. However, B7-H4KO mice are more resistant to infection by(More)
Methylation of histone tails and CpG methylation are involved in determining heterochromatin structure, but their cause and effect relationship has not been resolved as yet in mammals. Here we report that Lsh, a member of the SNF2 chromatin remodeling family, controls both types of epigenetic modifications. Lsh has been shown to be associated with(More)
A serious obstacle to successful treatment of estrogen receptor (ER)-positive human breast cancer is cell resistance to tamoxifen (TAM) therapy. Here we show that the electrophile disulfide benzamide (DIBA), an ER zinc finger inhibitor, blocks ligand-dependent and -independent cell growth of TAM-resistant breast cancer in vitro and in vivo. Such inhibition(More)